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The quasi-market of employment services in Italy

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  • Pastore, Francesco

Abstract

This paper aims to study the shortcomings and merits of the first experiment of quasi-market in the provision of employment services: the Lombardy DUL (Dote Unica Lavoro). This system, which has inspired the 2015 national reform within the Jobs Act, has reactivated and revitalized the sector by providing important job opportunities to jobless workers. The system has the typical problems of quasi-markets in the provision of public services (lion's share of private organizations; cherry picking; gaming). However, different expedients are devised in the program to minimize these shortcomings. The empirical analysis suggest that such phenomena if existent are at a physiological level. Analysis of the determinants of completing successfully the program provides non-trivial results as to, among others, the role organizations of different ownership type and of services provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Pastore, Francesco, 2019. "The quasi-market of employment services in Italy," GLO Discussion Paper Series 408, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francesco Pastore, 2015. "The Youth Experience Gap," SpringerBriefs in Economics, Springer, edition 127, number 978-3-319-10196-5, September.
    2. Pastore, Francesco, 2017. "Why so slow? The School-to-Work Transition in Italy," GLO Discussion Paper Series 65, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    3. Francesco Pastore, 2015. "The European Youth Guarantee: labor market context, conditions and opportunities in Italy," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-22, December.
    4. Giuseppe Lucio Gaeta & Giuseppe Lubrano Lavadera & Francesco Pastore, 2017. "Much Ado about Nothing? The Wage Penalty of Holding a PhD Degree but Not a PhD Job Position," Research in Labor Economics, in: Solomon W. Polachek & Konstantinos Pouliakas & Giovanni Russo & Konstantinos Tatsiramos (ed.), Skill Mismatch in Labor Markets, volume 45, pages 243-277, Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    5. Le Grand, Julian, 1991. "Quasi-markets and Social Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(408), pages 1256-1267, September.
    6. Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Francesco Pastore, 2018. "Overeducation at a Glance. Determinants and Wage Effects of the Educational Mismatch Based on AlmaLaurea Data," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 137(3), pages 999-1032, June.
    7. Annicchiarico, Barbara & Di Dio, Fabio & Felici, Francesco, 2013. "Structural reforms and the potential effects on the Italian economy," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 88-109.
    8. Mauro, Luciano, 2004. "The macroeconomics of Italy: a regional perspective," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(8-9), pages 927-944, December.
    9. Francesco Pastore, 2009. "School-to-Work Transitions in Mongolia," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 6(2), pages 245-264, December.
    10. Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo & Park, Donghyun, 2018. "The past, present and future of policy modeling," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 1-15.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Pastore & Marco Pompili, 2020. "Assessing the Impact of Off-the-Job and On-the-Job Training on Employment Outcomes: A Counterfactual Evaluation of the PIPOL Program," Evaluation Review, , vol. 44(2-3), pages 145-184, April.
    2. Jain, Geetika & Paul, Justin & Shrivastava, Archana, 2021. "Hyper-personalization, co-creation, digital clienteling and transformation," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 12-23.
    3. Ayaita, Adam & Grund, Christian & Pütz, Lisa, 2021. "Job Placement via Private vs. Public Employment Agencies: Investigating Selection Effects and Job Match Quality in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 14024, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Rammal, Hussain G. & Rose, Elizabeth L. & Ghauri, Pervez N. & Ørberg Jensen, Peter D. & Kipping, Matthias & Petersen, Bent & Scerri, Moira, 2022. "Economic nationalism and internationalization of services: Review and research agenda," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 57(3).
    5. François Salanié & Vera Zaporozhets, 2022. "Water allocation, crop choice, and priority services," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 24(1), pages 140-158, February.
    6. Emmert, Martin & Schindler, Anja & Drach, Cordula & Sander, Uwe & Patzelt, Christiane & Stahmeyer, Jona & Kühnel, Elias & Lauerer, Michael & Nagel, Eckhard & Frömke, Cornelia & Schöffski, Oliver & Hep, 2022. "The use intention of hospital report cards among patients in the presence or absence of patient-reported outcomes," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 126(6), pages 541-548.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public employment services; Quasi-markets; Cherry-picking; Gaming; Lombardy region; Jobs Act;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H76 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Other Expenditure Categories
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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