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Should I stay or should I go? Migration and job-skills mismatch among Italian doctoral recipients

Author

Listed:
  • Alfano, Vincenzo
  • D'Uva, Marcella
  • De Simone, Elina
  • Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio

Abstract

Finding a non-academic job in line with both doctoral graduates’ degree and acquired know-how can be difficult because of insufficient demand for R&D skills in public administration and private enterprise and/or because of the lack of matching between the existing demand and the Ph.D. holders’ specialization. The aim of this paper is to test whether migrating from some regions may improve job-education matching in Italy. The econometric strategy takes into account Ph.D. holders’ selfselection into non-academic employment as well as the endogeneity of the migration choice. Results demonstrate that migration seems to facilitate the possibility of finding better job opportunities. More specifically, only migration within the regions of the centre and north of Italy seems to improve jobeducation matching.

Suggested Citation

  • Alfano, Vincenzo & D'Uva, Marcella & De Simone, Elina & Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio, 2019. "Should I stay or should I go? Migration and job-skills mismatch among Italian doctoral recipients," GLO Discussion Paper Series 340, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:340
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. S. Ercolano, 2012. "Italian Dualism in Foreign Scholars' Analyses," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 411-444.
    2. Maarten van Ham & Clara H Mulder & Pieter Hooimeijer, 2001. "Spatial Flexibility in Job Mobility: Macrolevel Opportunities and Microlevel Restrictions," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 33(5), pages 921-940, May.
    3. Nicola Francesco Dotti & Ugo Fratesi & Camilla Lenzi & Marco Percoco, 2014. "Local labour market conditions and the spatial mobility of science and technology university students: evidence from Italy," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 34(2), pages 119-137, October.
    4. Simona Iammarino & Elisabetta Marinelli, 2015. "Education-Job (Mis)Match and Interregional Migration: Italian University Graduates' Transition to Work," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(5), pages 866-882, May.
    5. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:3:p:1370-1387 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    7. Seamus McGuinness & Adele Bergin & Adele Whelan, 2018. "Overeducation in Europe: trends, convergence, and drivers," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(4), pages 994-1015.
    8. Carlo Devillanova, 2013. "Over-education and spatial flexibility: New evidence from Italian survey data," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(3), pages 445-464, August.
    9. Giuseppe Lucio Gaeta, 2015. "Was it worth it? An empirical analysis of over-education among PhD recipients in Italy," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 42(3), pages 222-238, March.
    10. Buchel, Felix & van Ham, Maarten, 2003. "Overeducation, regional labor markets, and spatial flexibility," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 482-493, May.
    11. Lee, Hsing-fen & Miozzo, Marcela & Laredo, Philippe, 2010. "Career patterns and competences of PhDs in science and engineering in the knowledge economy: The case of graduates from a UK research-based university," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 869-881, September.
    12. repec:spr:italej:v:3:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s40797-017-0053-3 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ph.D. holders; job-education mismatch; migration;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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