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Overeducation in Europe: Trends, Convergence and Drivers

Author

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  • McGuinness, Seamus

    (Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin)

  • Bergin, Adele

    (ESRI, Dublin)

  • Whelan, Adele

    (ESRI, Dublin)

Abstract

This paper examines patterns in overeducation between countries using a specifically designed panel dataset constructed from the quarterly Labour Force Surveys of 28 EU countries over a twelve to fifteen year period. It is not the case that overeducation has been rising rapidly over time in all countries and where overeducation has grown the trend has been very gradual. Furthermore, overeducation rates were found to be static or falling in approximately fifty percent of the 28 EU countries. The evidence points towards convergence in overeducation at a rate of 3.3 percent per annum. In terms of the determinants of overeducation we find evidence to support policies aimed at improving effective female participation, labour market flexibility and the practical aspects of educational provision as a means of reducing the incidence of overeducation within countries.

Suggested Citation

  • McGuinness, Seamus & Bergin, Adele & Whelan, Adele, 2017. "Overeducation in Europe: Trends, Convergence and Drivers," IZA Discussion Papers 10678, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10678
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Paulina Broniatowska, 2021. "Wage Effects of Overeducation: Evidence from Poland," Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, vol. 13(1), pages 25-53, March.
    3. Jan Baran, 2019. "Is expansion of overeducation cohort-driven? Evidence from Poland," Working Papers 2019-13, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    4. Redmond, Paul & Whelan, Adele, 2017. "Educational Attainment and Skill Utilization in the Irish Labour Market: An EU Comparison," Quarterly Economic Commentary: Special Articles, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    5. Alfano, Vincenzo & D'Uva, Marcella & De Simone, Elina & Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio, 2019. "Should I stay or should I go? Migration and job-skills mismatch among Italian doctoral recipients," GLO Discussion Paper Series 340, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    6. Castro, Juan Francisco & Ortega, Lorena & Yamada, Gustavo & Mata, David, 2022. "The Magnitude and Predictors of Overeducation and Overskilling in Latin America: Evidence from PIAAC," IZA Discussion Papers 15143, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Marta Palczyńska, 2021. "Overeducation and wages: the role of cognitive skills and personality traits," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 85-111.
    8. Budría, Santiago & Martínez-de-Ibarreta, Carlos, 2021. "Education and skill mismatches among immigrants: The impact of host language proficiency," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    9. McQuinn, Kieran & O'Toole, Conor & Economides, Philip & Monteiro, Teresa, 2017. "Quarterly Economic Commentary, Winter 2017," Forecasting Report, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number QEC20174, December.
    10. Irene Brunetti & Valerio Intraligi & Andrea Ricci & Valeria Cirillo, 2020. "Low‐skill jobs and routine tasks specialization: New insights from Italian provinces," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(6), pages 1561-1581, December.
    11. Esperanza Vera-Toscano & Elena C. Meroni, 2021. "An Age–Period–Cohort Approach to the Incidence and Evolution of Overeducation and Skills Mismatch," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 153(2), pages 711-740, January.
    12. Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente & Sudipa Sarkar & Raquel Sebastian & Jose-Ignacio Antón, 2018. "Educational mismatch in Europe at the turn of the century: Measurement, intensity and evolution," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(8), pages 977-995, November.
    13. Christiana Charalambidou & Steven McIntosh, 2021. "Over‐education in Cyprus: Micro and macro determinants, persistence and state dependence. A dynamic panel analysis," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 89(2), pages 172-189, March.
    14. Queralt Capsada-Munsech, 2019. "Measuring Overeducation: Incidence, Correlation and Overlaps Across Indicators and Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 145(1), pages 279-301, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    dynamic panel data; overeducation;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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