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Educational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database

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  • Neidhöfer, Guido
  • Serrano, Joaquín
  • Gasparini, Leonardo

Abstract

The causes and consequences of the intergenerational persistence of inequality are a topic of great interest among various fields in economics. However, until now, issues of data availability have restricted a broader and cross-national perspective on the topic. Based on rich sets of harmonized household survey data, we contribute to filling this gap computing time series for several indexes of relative and absolute intergenerational education mobility for 18 Latin American countries over 50 years, and making them publicly available. We find that intergenerational mobility has been rising in Latin America, on average. This pattern seems to be driven by the high upward mobility of children from low-educated families; at the same time, there is substantial immobility at the top of the distribution. Significant cross-country differences are observed and are associated with income inequality, poverty, economic growth, public educational expenditures and assortative mating.

Suggested Citation

  • Neidhöfer, Guido & Serrano, Joaquín & Gasparini, Leonardo, 2017. "Educational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database," Discussion Papers 2017/20, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fubsbe:201720
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality; intergenerational mobility; equality of opportunity; transition probabilities; assortative mating; education; human capital; Latin America;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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