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ducational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database

Author

Listed:
  • Guido Neidhöfer

    () (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany)

  • Joaquín Serrano

    () (CEDLAS Universidad Nacional de La Plata and CONICET, Argentina)

  • Leonardo Gasparini

    () (CEDLAS Universidad Nacional de La Plata and CONICET, Argentina)

Abstract

The causes and consequences of the intergenerational persistence of inequality are a topic of great interest among various fields in economics. However, until now, issues of data availability have restricted a broader and cross-national perspective on the topic. Based on rich sets of harmonized household survey data, we contribute to filling this gap computing time series for several indexes of relative and absolute intergenerational education mobility for 18 Latin American countries over 50 years, and making them publicly available. We find that intergenerational mobility has been rising in Latin America, on average. This pattern seems to be driven by the high upward mobility of children from low-educated families; at the same time, there is substantial immobility at the top of the distribution. Significant cross-country differences are observed and are associated with income inequality, poverty, economic growth, public educational expenditures and assortative mating.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Neidhöfer & Joaquín Serrano & Leonardo Gasparini, 2017. "ducational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database," Working Papers 443, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  • Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2017-443
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    File URL: http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2017-443.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jo Blanden, 2013. "Cross-Country Rankings In Intergenerational Mobility: A Comparison Of Approaches From Economics And Sociology," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(1), pages 38-73, February.
    2. Blanden, Jo, 2013. "Cross-national rankings of intergenerational mobility: a comparison of approaches from economics and sociology," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 59310, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. repec:bla:scandj:v:119:y:2017:i:1:p:72-101 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lonnie Magee & John Burbidge & Les Robb, 2000. "The Correlation Between Husband's and Wife's Education: Canada, 1971-1996," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 353, McMaster University.
    5. Espen Bratberg & Jonathan Davis & Bhashkar Mazumder & Martin Nybom & Daniel D. Schnitzlein & Kjell Vaage, 2017. "A Comparison of Intergenerational Mobility Curves in Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the US," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 119(1), pages 72-101, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Neri, Marcelo Côrtes & Bonomo, Tiago, 2017. "Returns and intergenerational mobility of education during period of falling earnings inequality in Brazil," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 793, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inequality; Intergenerational Mobility; Equality of Opportunity; Transition Probabilities; Assortative Mating; Education; Human Capital; Latin America.;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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