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Borrower heterogeneity within a risky mortgage-lending market

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  • Punzi, Maria Teresa
  • Rabitsch, Katrin

Abstract

We propose a model of a risky mortgage-lending market in which we take explicit account of heterogeneity in household borrowing conditions, by introducing two borrower types: one with a low loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, one with a high LTV ratio, calibrated to U.S. data. We use such framework to study a deleveraging shock, modeled as an increase in housing investment risk, that falls more strongly on, and produces a larger contraction in credit for high-LTV type borrowers, as in the data. We find that this deleveraging experience produces significant aggregate effects on output and consumption, and that the contractionary effects are orders of magnitudes higher in a model version that takes account of borrower heterogeneity, compared to a more standard model version with a representative borrower.

Suggested Citation

  • Punzi, Maria Teresa & Rabitsch, Katrin, 2016. "Borrower heterogeneity within a risky mortgage-lending market," FinMaP-Working Papers 67, Collaborative EU Project FinMaP - Financial Distortions and Macroeconomic Performance: Expectations, Constraints and Interaction of Agents.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fmpwps:67
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chiara Forlati & Luisa Lambertini, 2011. "Risky Mortgages in a DSGE Model," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 7(1), pages 285-335, March.
    2. Punzi, Maria Teresa & Rabitsch, Katrin, 2015. "Investor borrowing heterogeneity in a Kiyotaki–Moore style macro model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 75-79.
    3. Michał Brzoza-Brzezina & Paolo Gelain & Marcin Kolasa, 2014. "Monetary and macroprudential policy with multiperiod loans," NBP Working Papers 192, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    4. Dominic Quint & Pau Rabanal, 2014. "Monetary and Macroprudential Policy in an Estimated DSGE Model of the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(2), pages 169-236, June.
    5. Nobuhiro Kiyotaki & Alexander Michaelides & Kalin Nikolov, 2011. "Winners and Losers in Housing Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(2‐3), pages 255-296, March.
    6. Robert Kollmann, 2013. "Global Banks, Financial Shocks, and International Business Cycles: Evidence from an Estimated Model," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(s2), pages 159-195, December.
    7. Lambertini, Luisa & Nuguer, Victoria & Uysal, Pinar, 2017. "Mortgage default in an estimated model of the U.S. housing market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 171-201.
    8. Francesco Ferrante, 2015. "Risky Mortgages, Bank Leverage and Credit Policy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-110, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    9. Kollmann, Robert & Enders, Zeno & Müller, Gernot J., 2011. "Global banking and international business cycles," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 407-426, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Punzi, Maria Teresa & Rabitsch, Katrin, 2018. "Effectiveness of macroprudential policies under borrower heterogeneity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 251-261.
    2. Bekiros, Stelios & Nilavongse, Rachatar & Uddin, Gazi Salah, 2020. "Expectation-driven house prices and debt defaults: The effectiveness of monetary and macroprudential policies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 49(C).
    3. Huang, Bihong & Punzi, Maria Teresa & Wu, Yu, 2019. "Do Banks Price Environmental Risk? Evidence from a Quasi Natural Experiment in the People’s Republic of China," ADBI Working Papers 974, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    4. Andrea Colciago & Anna Samarina & Jakob de Haan, 2019. "Central Bank Policies And Income And Wealth Inequality: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(4), pages 1199-1231, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Borrowing Constraints; Loan-to-Value ratio; Heterogeneity; Financial Amplification;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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