IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/efisdi/122013.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Nachfrageorientierte Innovationspolitik

Author

Listed:
  • Falck, Oliver
  • Wiederhold, Simon

Abstract

In der heutigen Wissens- und Informationsgesellschaft sind Innovationen als elementar für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung anzusehen. Die Marktgröße und die Bereitschaft des Marktes, Neuerungen anzunehmen, haben dabei einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die Generierung und Verbreitung von Innovationen. Spezifische Probleme auf der Nachfrageseite können daher Ansatzpunkte für eine "Nachfrageorientierte Innovationspolitik" sein, verstanden als alles nachfrageseitige, politische Handeln, das dazu beitragen kann, Ineffizienzen im Innovationsprozess zu reduzieren. Mit Regulierung, Förderung der privaten Nachfrage und der öffentlichen Beschaffung von innovativen Gütern und Dienstleistungen lassen sich drei Typen von nachfrageorientierter Innovationspolitik unterscheiden. Sowohl in der politischen als auch der akademischen Diskussion genießt die öffentliche Beschaffung dabei eine Vorrangstellung. In der vorliegenden Studie werden zunächst nachfrageorientierte Instrumente in den innovationspolitischen Förderkanon eingeordnet und die Begründungsmuster für ihren Einsatz kritisch hinterfragt. Es zeigt sich, dass sich nur wenige Situationen identifizieren lassen, in denen Unvollkommenheiten im Innovationsprozess die Diffusion von gesellschaftlich wünschenswerten Innovationen verhindern, so dass ein gezielter, an der Nachfrageseite ansetzender staatlicher Eingriff geboten wäre. Überdies bedingen nachfrageorientierte Maßnahmen zumeist einen stärkeren staatlichen Eingriff in das Marktgeschehen als angebotsorientierte Instrumente, die insbesondere auf die Internalisierung von Wissensexternalitäten abzielen. Zudem setzen sie ein hohes Maß an Wissen bei den politischen Entscheidungsträgern sowohl über die Vorzugswürdigkeit neuer Technologien als auch über die Nebeneffekte bei der Nutzung dieser Technologien voraus. Dieser hohe Informationsbedarf birgt die Gefahr von Fehlentscheidungen und politischer Einflussnahme von Unternehmen.

Suggested Citation

  • Falck, Oliver & Wiederhold, Simon, 2013. "Nachfrageorientierte Innovationspolitik," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 12-2013, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:efisdi:122013
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/156593/1/StuDIS_2013-12.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sandro Brusco & Giuseppe Lopomo, 2002. "Collusion via Signalling in Simultaneous Ascending Bid Auctions with Heterogeneous Objects, with and without Complementarities," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(2), pages 407-436.
    2. Eric von Hippel, 1986. "Lead Users: A Source of Novel Product Concepts," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(7), pages 791-805, July.
    3. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-351, March.
    4. Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1988. "The Private R&D Investment Response to Federal Design and Technical Competitions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 550-559, June.
    5. Edler, Jakob & Georghiou, Luke, 2007. "Public procurement and innovation--Resurrecting the demand side," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 949-963, September.
    6. Cowan, Robin & Foray, Dominique, 1995. "Quandaries in the economics of dual technologies and spillovers from military to civilian research and development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 851-868, November.
    7. Goolsbee, Austan, 1998. "Does Government R&D Policy Mainly Benefit Scientists and Engineers?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 298-302, May.
    8. Falck, Oliver & Heblich, Stephan & Kipar, Stefan, 2010. "Industrial innovation: Direct evidence from a cluster-oriented policy," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 574-582, November.
    9. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters,in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Bruce Greenwald & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2006. "Helping Infant Economies Grow: Foundations of Trade Policies for Developing Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 141-146, May.
    11. David Hemenway, 1989. "A failing grade for auto inspections-and motorists like it that way," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 321-325.
    12. Schnee, Jerome E., 1978. "Government programs and the growth of high-technology industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 3-24, January.
    13. Malerba, Franco, 1985. "Demand structure and technological change: The case of the European semiconductor industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 283-297, October.
    14. Buurman, Margaretha & Delfgaauw, Josse & Dur, Robert & Van den Bossche, Seth, 2012. "Public sector employees: Risk averse and altruistic?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 279-291.
    15. Aschhoff, Birgit & Sofka, Wolfgang, 2009. "Innovation on demand--Can public procurement drive market success of innovations?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1235-1247, October.
    16. Daron Acemoglu & Joshua Linn, 2004. "Market Size in Innovation: Theory and Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 119(3), pages 1049-1090.
    17. Albert N. Link & John T. Scott, 2013. "Employment growth from the Small Business Innovation Research program," Chapters,in: Public Support of Innovation in Entrepreneurial Firms, chapter 4, pages 65-88 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    18. J. Edler & L. Georghiou & K. Blind & E. Uyarra, 2012. "Evaluating the demand side: New challenges for evaluation," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 33-47, February.
    19. Michael L. Katz & Carl Shapiro, 1994. "Systems Competition and Network Effects," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 93-115, Spring.
    20. Von Hippel, Eric, 1982. "Appropriability of innovation benefit as a predictor of the source of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 95-115, April.
    21. Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1987. "The Effect of Government Funding on Private Industrial Research and Development: A Re-assessment," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 97-104, September.
    22. Ofer Malamud & Cristian Pop-Eleches, 2011. "Home Computer Use and the Development of Human Capital," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(2), pages 987-1027.
    23. Christian Berggren & Staffan Laestadius, 2003. "Co-development and composite clusters--the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 91-114, February.
    24. Olerup, Brita, 2001. "Technology development in market networks," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 169-178, February.
    25. Gilles Duranton, 2011. "California Dreamin': The Feeble Case for Cluster Policies," Review of Economic Analysis, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, vol. 3(1), pages 3-45, July.
    26. Cabral, Luís M B & Cozzi, Guido & Denicolò, Vincenzo & Spagnolo, Giancarlo & Zanza, Matteo, 2006. "Procuring Innovation," CEPR Discussion Papers 5774, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    27. Lichtenberg, Frank R., 1990. "Issues in measuring industrial R&D," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 157-163, April.
    28. Viktor Slavtchev & Simon Wiederhold, 2012. "Technological Intensity of Government Demand and Innovation," ifo Working Paper Series 135, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    29. David B. Audretsch, 1995. "Innovation and Industry Evolution," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011468, May.
    30. Lerner, Josh, 1999. "The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long-Run Impact of the SBIR Program," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72(3), pages 285-318, July.
    31. Cowan, Robin, 1990. "Nuclear Power Reactors: A Study in Technological Lock-in," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 50(03), pages 541-567, September.
    32. Guido Cozzi & Giammario Impullitti, 2010. "Government Spending Composition, Technical Change, and Wage Inequality," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 8(6), pages 1325-1358, December.
    33. Dalpe, Robert & DeBresson, Chris & Xiaoping, Hu, 1992. "The public sector as first user of innovations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 251-263, June.
    34. Zoltan Acs & David Audretsch, 1990. "Innovation and Small Firms," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011131, May.
    35. Neij, Lena, 2001. "Methods of evaluating market transformation programmes: experience in Sweden," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 67-79, January.
    36. Scott J. Wallsten, 2000. "The Effects of Government-Industry R&D Programs on Private R&D: The Case of the Small Business Innovation Research Program," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 31(1), pages 82-100, Spring.
    37. Marvin B. Lieberman, 1984. "The Learning Curve and Pricing in the Chemical Processing Industries," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 15(2), pages 213-228, Summer.
    38. Blind, Knut, 2012. "The influence of regulations on innovation: A quantitative assessment for OECD countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 391-400.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Arthur Korus, 2016. "Innovationsorientierte öffentliche Beschaffung und Leitmärkte: Politische Initiativen in der EU," EIIW Discussion paper disbei228, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    2. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Hünermund, Paul & Moshgbar, Nima, 2018. "Public procurement as policy instrument for innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 18-001, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation (EFI), Berlin (ed.), 2013. "Research, innovation and technological performance in Germany - EFI Report 2013," Research, Innovation and Technological Performance in Germany: Report, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin, volume 127, number 2013e.
    4. Helge Dauchert & Dietmar Harhoff & Patrick Llerena & Wolfgang Crasemann & Carla Dekker & Oliver Falck & Simon Wiederhold & Ludger Wößmann, 2013. "Innovationen auf Bestellung? Was von einer stärkeren Nachfrageorientierung in der Innovationspolitik zu halten ist," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(05), pages 03-19, March.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:efisdi:122013. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics). General contact details of provider: http://www.e-fi.de/index.php?id=1&L=1 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.