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Co-development and composite clusters--the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications


  • Christian Berggren
  • Staffan Laestadius


During the 1980s and 1990s Finland and Sweden were on the international frontier in telecommunications, pioneering the first-generation cellular system and leading in the development of the second generation. This strength in telecommunications has developed under various regulatory regimes in a complex industrial history, going back to the nineteenth century. To account for this Fenno-Swedish telecom trajectory, the article starts out with Porter's model of industrial competitiveness and theories of public procurement, and then focus the attention and analysis in two directions: (i) the historical role of advanced, research-intensive users and competitive public--private development pairs; and (ii) the emergence and significance of a composite binational clusters and their local agglomerations in the accelerated industry growth in the 1990s. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Berggren & Staffan Laestadius, 2003. "Co-development and composite clusters--the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 91-114, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:indcch:v:12:y:2003:i:1:p:91-114

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    Cited by:

    1. Rita Santos & Walter Leal & Evando Mirra, 2011. "Innovation systems and regional clustering: the diffusion of knowledge for sustainability issues," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1539, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Garud, Raghu & Gehman, Joel & Giuliani, Antonio Paco, 2014. "Contextualizing entrepreneurial innovation: A narrative perspective," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 1177-1188.
    3. Vecchiato, Riccardo, 2017. "Disruptive innovation, managerial cognition, and technology competition outcomes," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 116-128.
    4. Falck, Oliver & Wiederhold, Simon, 2013. "Nachfrageorientierte Innovationspolitik," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 12-2013, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.
    5. Phillips, Wendy & Knight, Louise & Caldwell, Nigel & Warrington, John, 2007. "Policy through procurement--The introduction of digital signal process (DSP) hearing aids into the English NHS," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 77-85, January.
    6. Vicky Long & Staffan Laestadius, 2011. "New Patterns in Knowledge Transfer and Catching Up: Chinese R&D in ICT," Chapters,in: Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion, chapter 10 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Lourdes Torres & Patricia Bachiller, 2013. "Efficiency of telecommunications companies in European countries," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 17(4), pages 863-886, November.

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