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Co-development and composite clusters--the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications


  • Christian Berggren
  • Staffan Laestadius


During the 1980s and 1990s Finland and Sweden were on the international frontier in telecommunications, pioneering the first-generation cellular system and leading in the development of the second generation. This strength in telecommunications has developed under various regulatory regimes in a complex industrial history, going back to the nineteenth century. To account for this Fenno-Swedish telecom trajectory, the article starts out with Porter's model of industrial competitiveness and theories of public procurement, and then focus the attention and analysis in two directions: (i) the historical role of advanced, research-intensive users and competitive public--private development pairs; and (ii) the emergence and significance of a composite binational clusters and their local agglomerations in the accelerated industry growth in the 1990s. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Berggren & Staffan Laestadius, 2003. "Co-development and composite clusters--the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 91-114, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:indcch:v:12:y:2003:i:1:p:91-114

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rita Santos & Walter Leal & Evando Mirra, 2011. "Innovation systems and regional clustering: the diffusion of knowledge for sustainability issues," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1539, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Vecchiato, Riccardo, 2017. "Disruptive innovation, managerial cognition, and technology competition outcomes," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 116-128.
    3. Falck, Oliver & Wiederhold, Simon, 2013. "Nachfrageorientierte Innovationspolitik," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 12-2013, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.
    4. Vicky Long & Staffan Laestadius, 2011. "New Patterns in Knowledge Transfer and Catching Up: Chinese R&D in ICT," Chapters,in: Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion, chapter 10 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Garud, Raghu & Gehman, Joel & Giuliani, Antonio Paco, 2014. "Contextualizing entrepreneurial innovation: A narrative perspective," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 1177-1188.
    6. Phillips, Wendy & Knight, Louise & Caldwell, Nigel & Warrington, John, 2007. "Policy through procurement--The introduction of digital signal process (DSP) hearing aids into the English NHS," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 77-85, January.
    7. Lourdes Torres & Patricia Bachiller, 2013. "Efficiency of telecommunications companies in European countries," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 17(4), pages 863-886, November.

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