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New evidence on the effectiveness of "Quantitative Easing" in Japan


  • Voutsinas, Konstantinos
  • Werner, Richard A.


Central banks have recently introduced new policy initiatives, including a policy called Quantitative Easing (QE). Since it has been argued by the Bank of England that 'Standard economic models are of limited use in these unusual circumstances, and the empirical evidence is extremely limited' (Bank of England, 2009b), we have taken an entirely empirical approach and have focused on the QE-experience, on which substantial data is available, namely that of Japan (2001-2006). Recent literature on the effectiveness of QE has neglected any reference to final policy goals. In this paper, we adopt the view that ultimately effectiveness will be measured by whether it will be able to boost spending (Bank of England, 2009b) and 'will ultimately be judged by their impact on the wider macroeconomy' (Bank of England, 2010). In line with a widely held view among leading macroeconomists from various persuasions, while attempting to stay agnostic and open-minded on the distribution of demand changes between real output and inflation, we have thus identified nominal GDP growth as the key final policy goal of monetary policy. The empirical research finds that the policy conducted by the Bank of Japan between 2001 and 2006 makes little empirical difference while an alternative policy targeting credit creation (the original definition of QE) would likely have been more successful.

Suggested Citation

  • Voutsinas, Konstantinos & Werner, Richard A., 2011. "New evidence on the effectiveness of "Quantitative Easing" in Japan," CFS Working Paper Series 2011/30, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfswop:201130

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Bermpei, Theodora, 2014. "What drives investment bank performance? The role of risk, liquidity and fees prior to and during the crisis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 102-117.
    2. Katarzyna Nagraba, 2012. "Flexible approach in monetary policy during instability of the markets. Quantitative Easing Policy (Elastyczne podejscie w polityce pienieznej w czasach niestabilnosci rynkow. Polityka quantitative ea," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 10(39), pages 64-76.
    3. Emmanuel C. Mamatzakis & Anh N. Vu, 2017. "The interplay between quantitative easing and risk: the case of the Japanese banking," Working Papers 226, Bank of Greece.
    4. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Matousek, Roman & Vu, Anh Nguyet, 2016. "What is the impact of bankrupt and restructured loans on Japanese bank efficiency?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 187-202.
    5. Ryan-Collins, Josh & Werner, Richard A. & Castle, Jennifer, 2016. "A half-century diversion of monetary policy? An empirical horse-race to identify the UK variable most likely to deliver the desired nominal GDP growth rate," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 158-176.

    More about this item


    Central Banking; General-to-specific Methodology; Monetary Policy; Nominal GDP Growth; Quantitative Easing;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies


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