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Information and Opportunistic Behavior in Federal Crop Insurance Programs

Author

Listed:
  • Cory G. Walters
  • C. Richard Shumway
  • Hayley H. Chouinard
  • Philip R. Wandschneider

    () (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)

Abstract

Opportunistic behavior in crop insurance can arise due to asymmetric information between producers and the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. Producers who insure fields using transitional yields based on county average yields or who select options such as buy-up coverage or revenue insurance may increase their return from crop insurance. Using field-level crop insurance contract data for several crops in five growing regions, we find evidence that producers can profit from using buy-up coverage, revenue insurance, and transitional yields and that the level of producer opportunism is crop but not necessarily land-quality specific and is greater due to premium subsidization.

Suggested Citation

  • Cory G. Walters & C. Richard Shumway & Hayley H. Chouinard & Philip R. Wandschneider, 2008. "Information and Opportunistic Behavior in Federal Crop Insurance Programs," Working Papers 2008-9, School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:shumway-7
    as

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    File URL: http://faculty.ses.wsu.edu/WorkingPapers/Shumway/CropInsurance_1-23-08_.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael J. Roberts & Nigel Key & Erik O'Donoghue, 2006. "Estimating the Extent of Moral Hazard in Crop Insurance Using Administrative Data," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 28(3), pages 381-390.
    2. John C. Quiggin & Giannis Karagiannis & J. Stanton, 1993. "Crop Insurance And Crop Production: An Empirical Study Of Moral Hazard And Adverse Selection," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 37(2), pages 95-113, August.
    3. Vincent H. Smith & Barry K. Goodwin, 1996. "Crop Insurance, Moral Hazard, and Agricultural Chemical Use," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 428-438.
    4. Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Bernard Salanie, 2000. "Testing for Asymmetric Information in Insurance Markets," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(1), pages 56-78, February.
    5. Makki, Shiva S. & Somwaru, Agapi, 2001. "Asymmetric Information in the Market for Yield and Revenue Insurance Products," Technical Bulletins 33587, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    6. Ian W. Hardie & Peter J. Parks, 1997. "Land Use with Heterogeneous Land Quality: An Application of an Area Base Model," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 299-310.
    7. Richard E. Just & Linda Calvin & John Quiggin, 1999. "Adverse Selection in Crop Insurance: Actuarial and Asymmetric Information Incentives," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(4), pages 834-849.
    8. Makki, Shiva S. & Somwaru, Agapi, 2001. "Asymmetric Information in the Market for Yield and Revenue Insurance," Technical Bulletins 184331, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    9. Edwards, William M., 2003. "Actual Production History and Insurance Units for Multiple Peril Crop Insurance," Staff General Research Papers Archive 10267, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tajudeen Olalekan Yusuf, 2011. "Brokers' incentives and conflicts of interest in the control of opportunism," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 12(3), pages 168-181, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    opportunistic behavior; crop insurance; buy-up; revenue; transitional yields;

    JEL classification:

    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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