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Central regions and dependency


  • K. Mosler

    (Universität zu Köln)


The paper introduces an approach to the ordering of dependence which is based on central regions. A d-variate probability distribution is described by a nested family of sets, called central regions. Those regions are affine equivariant, compact and starshaped and concentrate about a properly defined center. They can be seen as level sets of a depth function. Special cases are Mahalanobis, zonoid, and likelihood regions. A d-variate distribution is called more dependent than another one if the volume of each central region is smaller with the first distribution. This dependence order is characterized by an inequality between determinants of certain parameter matrices if either (i) F and G are arbitrary distributions and the central regions are Mahalanobis or (ii) F and G belong to an elliptical family of distributions and the central regions are arbitrary. If the regions are zonoid regions, the dependence order implies the ordering of lift zonoid volumes. Alternatively, the dependence order is applied to the copulae of the given distributions. Generalized correlation indices are proposed which are increasing with the dependence orders.

Suggested Citation

  • K. Mosler, 2003. "Central regions and dependency," Econometrics 0309004, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpem:0309004 Note: Type of Document - Post Script; pages: 16 ; figures: included. This is a preprint of an article accepted for publication in "Methology and Computing in Applied Probability"

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Koshevoy, G. A. & Mosler, K., 1997. "Multivariate Gini Indices," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 252-276, February.
    2. Dall'Aglio, Marco & Scarsini, Marco, 2001. "When Lorenz met Lyapunov," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 101-105, August.
    3. Hannu Oja, 1999. "Affine Invariant Multivariate Sign and Rank Tests and Corresponding Estimates: a Review," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 26(3), pages 319-343.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pavlo Mozharovskyi & Karl Mosler & Tatjana Lange, 2015. "Classifying real-world data with the $${ DD}\alpha $$ D D α -procedure," Advances in Data Analysis and Classification, Springer;German Classification Society - Gesellschaft für Klassifikation (GfKl);Japanese Classification Society (JCS);Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society (CLADAG);International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS), vol. 9(3), pages 287-314, September.
    2. Daniel Hlubinka & Irène Gijbels & Marek Omelka & Stanislav Nagy, 2015. "Integrated data depth for smooth functions and its application in supervised classification," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 1011-1031, December.
    3. Tatjana Lange & Karl Mosler & Pavlo Mozharovskyi, 2014. "Fast nonparametric classification based on data depth," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 49-69, February.
    4. Arie Beresteanu & Francesca Molinari, 2008. "Asymptotic Properties for a Class of Partially Identified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(4), pages 763-814, July.
    5. Liesa Denecke & Christine Müller, 2014. "Consistency of the likelihood depth estimator for the correlation coefficient," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 3-13, February.
    6. Victor Chernozhukov & Alfred Galichon & Marc Hallin & Marc Henry, 2014. "Monge-Kantorovich Depth, Quantiles, Ranks, and Signs," Papers 1412.8434,, revised Sep 2015.
    7. Gleb A. Koshevoy & Karl Mosler, 2007. "Multivariate Lorenz dominance based on zonoids," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer;German Statistical Society, vol. 91(1), pages 57-76, March.
    8. Liesa Denecke & Christine Müller, 2014. "New robust tests for the parameters of the Weibull distribution for complete and censored data," Metrika: International Journal for Theoretical and Applied Statistics, Springer, vol. 77(5), pages 585-607, July.
    9. Molchanov, Ilga & Schmutz, Michael & Stucki, Kaspar, 2012. "Invariance properties of random vectors and stochastic processes based on the zonoid concept," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws122014, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    10. Karl Mosler, 2005. "Restricted Lorenz dominance of economic inequality in one and many dimensions," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 2(2), pages 89-103, January.
    11. Ignacio Cascos & Ilya Molchanov, 2006. "Multivariate risks and depth-trimmed regions," Papers math/0606520,, revised Nov 2006.
    12. repec:spr:stpapr:v:58:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00362-015-0715-x is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nedret Billor & Asheber Abebe & Asuman Turkmen & Sai Nudurupati, 2008. "Classification Based on Depth Transvariations," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 25(2), pages 249-260, November.
    14. Asis Banerjee, 2014. "A multidimensional Lorenz dominance relation," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 42(1), pages 171-191, January.
    15. Bazovkin, Pavel & Mosler, Karl, 2012. "An Exact Algorithm for Weighted-Mean Trimmed Regions in Any Dimension," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 47(i13).
    16. Chiara GIGLIARANO & Karl MOSLER, 2009. "Measuring middle-class decline in one and many attributes," Working Papers 333, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    17. Barry C. Arnold, 2005. "Inequality measures for multivariate distributions," Metron - International Journal of Statistics, Dipartimento di Statistica, Probabilità e Statistiche Applicate - University of Rome, vol. 0(3), pages 317-327.
    18. Bazovkin, Pavel, 2014. "Geometrical framework for robust portfolio optimization," Discussion Papers in Econometrics and Statistics 01/14, University of Cologne, Institute of Econometrics and Statistics.
    19. Marco Dall’Aglio & Marco Scarsini, 2000. "Zonoids, Linear Dependence, and Size-Biased Distributions on the Simplex," ICER Working Papers - Applied Mathematics Series 27-2003, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research, revised Jul 2003.
    20. Cascos, Ignacio, 2006. "The expected convex hull trimmed regions of a sample," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws066919, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    21. Cascos, Ignacio & Molchanov, Ilya, 2006. "Multivariate risks and depth-trimmed regions," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws063815, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    22. Daniek Kosiorowski, 2008. "Scale curve – a robust and nonparametric approach to study a dispersion and interdependence of multivariate distributions," Operations Research and Decisions, Wroclaw University of Technology, Institute of Organization and Management, vol. 4, pages 47-60.
    23. Anirvan Chakraborty & Probal Chaudhuri, 2014. "On data depth in infinite dimensional spaces," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 66(2), pages 303-324, April.

    More about this item


    Dependence order; generalized correlation; lift zonoid volume; data depth; trimmed regions;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics


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