The Americans with Disabilities Act and the Labor Market Experience of Workers with Disabilities: Evidence from the SIPP
This paper uses data from the 1990 and 1993 SIPP to examine the labor market experience of workers with disabilities. We first examine wage differentials between workers with and without disabilities after providing detailed controls for job conditions. We next examine the relationship between wages and the prevalence of persons with disabilities in an occupation. The final section of the paper examines job mobility differences between workers with and without disabilities. We find that there is a relatively large wage differential between workers with and without disabilities that appears to have increased between 1990 and 1993 for males. This differential is relatively unaffected by the addition of detailed occupational charactersitics. The paper also finds support for the quality sorting hypothesis, which suggests the proportion of workers with disabilities in an occupation is capturing unmeasured ability within occupations. Finally, we find that there are relatively few differences in mobility patterns across disability status. We do find, however, that workers with disabilities are more likely to make involuntary job changes than nondisabled workers, suggesting there may be employer prejudice in terminations or that there is a higher likelihood of job mismatch among workers with disabilities. Overall, we find there are relatively few differences between 1990 and 1993, suggesting that either the ADA has not had a major impact on the labor market experience for workers with disabilities, or that these effects do not appear in the 1993 data.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||31 May 2000|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, 1155 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637|
Web page: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/ByDate.html
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Westbrook, Mary T. & Legge, Varoe & Pennay, Mark, 1993. "Attitudes towards disabilities in a multicultural society," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 615-623, March.
- Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, July.
- Hirsch, B.T. & Macpherson, D.A., 1994.
"Wages, Racial Composition, and Quality Sorting in Labor Markets,"
1994_01_01, Department of Economics, Florida State University.
- B. T. Hirsch & D. A. Macpherson, . "Wages, racial composition, and quality sorting in labor markets," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1038-94, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
- Marjorie L. Baldwin & William G. Johnson, .
"Labor Market Discrimination Against Men with Disabilities in the Year of the ADA,"
9715, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
- Marjorie L. Baldwin & William G. Johnson, 2000. "Labor Market Discrimination Against Men with Disabilities in the Year of the ADA," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 548-566, January.
- Marjorie L. Baldwin & Edward J. Schumacher, .
"Job Mobility among Workers with Disabilities,"
9805, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
- Daron Acemoglu & Joshua Angrist, 1998.
"Consequences of Employment Protection? The Case of the Americans with Disabilities Act,"
98-13, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Daron Acemoglu & Joshua D. Angrist, 2001. "Consequences of Employment Protection? The Case of the Americans with Disabilities Act," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(5), pages 915-957, October.
- Daron Acemoglu & Joshua Angrist, 1998. "Consequences of Employment Protection? The Case of the Americans with Disabilities Act," NBER Working Papers 6670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Kanika Kapur, 1998. "The Impact of Health on Job Mobility: A Measure of Job Lock," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(2), pages 282-298, January.
- Marjorie Baldwin & William G. Johnson, 1994. "Labor Market Discrimination against Men with Disabilities," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(1), pages 1-19.
- Kanika Kapur, 1998. "The impact of health on job mobility : a measure of job lock," Open Access publications 10197/297, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
- Brigitte C. Madrian, 1993.
"Employment-Based Health Insurance and Job Mobility: Is There Evidence of Job-Lock?,"
NBER Working Papers
4476, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Brigitte C. Madrian, 1994. "Employment-Based Health Insurance and Job Mobility: Is there Evidence of Job-Lock?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(1), pages 27-54.
- Thomas C. Buchmueller & Robert G. Valletta, 1996. "The Effects of Employer-Provided Health Insurance on Worker Mobility," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 49(3), pages 439-455, April.
- Louis S. Jacobson & Robert J. LaLonde & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1992.
"Earnings losses of displaced workers,"
Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues
92-28, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- Barry T. Hirsch & Edward J. Schumacher, 1992. "Labor Earnings, Discrimination, and the Racial Composition of Jobs," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(4), pages 602-628.
- Macpherson, David A & Hirsch, Barry T, 1995. "Wages and Gender Composition: Why Do Women's Jobs Pay Less?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(3), pages 426-71, July.
- Ruhm, Christopher J, 1991. "Are Workers Permanently Scarred by Job Displacements?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 319-24, March.
- repec:mpr:mprres:997 is not listed on IDEAS
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wop:jopovw:178. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.