Labor Market Discrimination Against Men with Disabilities in the Year of the ADA
This article presents the first estimates of labor market discrimination against men with disabilities in 1990, the year the ADA was passed. Using data from the 1990 SIPP, we compare nondisabled men to a group of men with impairments that elicit relatively little prejudice and a second group with impairments that elicit more prejudice. Men who are physically unable to work are excluded. We explicitly test for the linkage between prejudice and labor market discrimination. The results show that discrimination is more pronounced against men with impairments subject to more intense prejudice and that access to employment is a more serious problem than wage discrimination for both groups. The results imply that discrimination imposed large income losses on men with disabilities in 1990 and that the ADA has the potential to significantly improve the well-being of this newest minority group.
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