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The finance-dominated growth regime, distribution, and the present crisis

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  • Engelbert Stockhammer

    () (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics & B.A.)

Abstract

The paper discusses the interactions of changes in income distribution and the accumulation dynamics in the post-Fordist accumulation regime in OECD countries, which is characterized by deregulated financial markets. The neoliberal mode of regulation came with a decisive shift in power relations at the expense of labor, which is clearly reflected in the fall of wage shares across OECD economies. The notion of a “finance-dominated” accumulation regime is proposed to highlight that financial developments crucially shape the pattern and the pace of accumulation. Financial globalization has relaxed balance of payment constraints and thereby allowed the build up of big international imbalances. The combination of real wage moderation and financial liberalization has led to different strategies (or at least outcomes) in different countries. While some countries (like the USA) exhibit a credit-fuelled consumption-driven growth model that comes with large current account deficits, others (like Germany and Japan) show an export-driven growth model with modest consumption growth and large current account surpluses. Overall the finance-dominated accumulation regime is characterized by a mediocre growth performance and by a high degree of fragility.

Suggested Citation

  • Engelbert Stockhammer, 2009. "The finance-dominated growth regime, distribution, and the present crisis," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp127, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp127
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    File URL: http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/inst/vw1/papers/wu-wp127.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Özlem Onaran & Engelbert Stockhammer & Lukas Grafl, 2009. "The finance-dominated growth regime, distribution, and aggregate demand in the US," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp126, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Stijn Claessens & M. Ayhan Kose & Marco E. Terrones, 2009. "What happens during recessions, crunches and busts?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 24, pages 653-700, October.
    3. Cynamon Barry Z. & Fazzari Steven M., 2008. "Household Debt in the Consumer Age: Source of Growth--Risk of Collapse," Capitalism and Society, De Gruyter, vol. 3(2), pages 1-32, October.
    4. Carmen Reinhart & Vincent Reinhart, 2009. "Capital Flow Bonanzas: An Encompassing View of the Past and Present," NBER Chapters,in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008, pages 9-62 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Pascal Petit, 1999. "Structural Forms and Growth Regimes of the Post-Fordist Era," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 57(2), pages 220-243.
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    Cited by:

    1. Predrag Ćetković & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2010. "Finanzialisierung und Investitionsverhalten von Industrie-Aktiengesellschaften in Österreich," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 36(4), pages 453-479.
    2. Aiginger, Karl, 2017. "Europa zwischen Globalisierung und Renationalisierung," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 5682, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B50 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - General
    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • P17 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Performance and Prospects

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