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Intra-EU Mobility and Push and Pull Factors in EU Labour Markets: Estimating a Panel VAR Model

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Landesmann

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

  • Sandra M. Leitner

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

  • Isilda Mara

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

Abstract

Abstract The analysis of the international migration flows, their determinants and the impact on host countries' labour markets is of great interest in the context of current European developments. This paper analyses the role of EU labour market mobility, specifically cross-border mobility by migrants, in labour market adjustments and, vice versa, how labour market developments across the EU in terms of relative wage differences, differences in activity rates, in labour productivity differentials and in human capital structures affect labour mobility. The analysis is carried out in the context of estimating a panel Vector Auto Regressive (pVAR) model involving bilateral net migration flows and cross-country differences in the above variables. It is estimated for the period 2000 to 2012, thus capturing also the two waves of accession of Central and Eastern European new Member States (NMS). The estimations are performed for cross-border mobility patterns for the EU as a whole, as well as for the migration patterns between NMS and OMS, thus analysing the changes which the integration of new Member States may have caused to labour market and mobility dynamics in the European Union.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Landesmann & Sandra M. Leitner & Isilda Mara, 2015. "Intra-EU Mobility and Push and Pull Factors in EU Labour Markets: Estimating a Panel VAR Model," wiiw Working Papers 120, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:wpaper:120
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Vasily Astrov & Mario Holzner & Stefan Jestl & Michael Landesmann & Isilda Mara & Roman Römisch & Robert Stehrer & Hermine Vidovic, 2019. "Bevölkerungs- und Wirtschaftsentwicklung in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Ländern," wiiw Research Reports in German language 13, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    2. Julia Grübler & Doris Hanzl-Weiss & Stefan Jestl & Michael Landesmann & Sandra M. Leitner, 2016. "Monthly Report No. 3/2016," wiiw Monthly Reports 2016-03, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    labour mobility; determinants of migration flows; European Union; new Member States; econometric analysis of labour mobility; panel VAR model; push and pull factors of migration;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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