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The Willingness to Migrate in the CEECs. Evidence from the Czech Republic

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  • Jan Fidrmuc
  • Peter Huber

Abstract

Given the low levels of migration in the CEECs found in the literature, this paper raises the issue of who is willing to migrate in these countries. Using data on the willingness to migrate in the Czech Republic we show that variables measuring regional labour market conditions and amenities contribute little to explaining willingness to migrate, but that personal and household characteristics are more important. The least willing to migrate are the family-house owners, the less educated and the elderly as well as persons residing in regions with above-average unemployment rates. Improving the efficiency of the housing market and focusing on the problems of peripheral regions should thus be primary foci of a policy aimed at improving labour-market adjustment through migration. These policies are, however, unlikely to yield rapid returns, since the willingness to migrate of all subgroups analysed (except for the less educated) reacts only weakly to regional labour market incentives and amenities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fidrmuc & Peter Huber, 2007. "The Willingness to Migrate in the CEECs. Evidence from the Czech Republic," WIFO Working Papers 286, WIFO.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2007:i:286
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Stephen Drinkwater, 2003. "Go West? Assessing the willingness to move from Central and Eastern European Countries," School of Economics Discussion Papers 0503, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
    3. Mihails Hazans, 2003. "Determinants of Inter-Regional Migration in the Baltic Countries," ERSA conference papers ersa03p354, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Ahn, Namkee & de la Rica, Sara & Ugidos, Arantza, 1999. "Willingness to Move for Work and Unemployment Duration in Spain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(263), pages 335-357, August.
    5. Nick Bardsley & Herbert Brücker & Sjef Ederveen & Jan Fidrmuc & Mihails Hazans & Peter Huber & Ella Kallai & Parvati Trübswetter, 2003. "Analysing and Modelling Inter-regional Migration," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 24641, June.
    6. Stephen Drinkwater, 2003. "Estimating the willingness to move within Great Britain: Importance and implications," School of Economics Discussion Papers 1203, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
    7. Jackman, R. & Savouri, R., 1990. "An Analysis Of Migration Based On The Hiring Function," Economics Series Working Papers 9998, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    8. Burda, Michael C. & Profit, Stefan, 1996. "Matching across space: Evidence on mobility in the Czech Republic," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 255-278, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Artjoms Ivlevs & Roswitha M. King, 2010. "Kosovo - winning its independence but losing its people? Recent evidence on emigration intentions and preparedness to migrate," Working Papers 1002, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
    2. Jiří Balcar & Jan Šulák, 2021. "Urban environmental quality and out-migration intentions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 66(3), pages 579-607, June.
    3. van Dalen, H.P. & Henkens, K., 2008. "Emigration Intentions : Mere Words or True Plans? Explaining International Migration Intentions and Behavior," Other publications TiSEM d78ea768-e1d5-4a80-baff-2, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    4. Artjoms Ivlevs & Roswitha M. King, 2008. "Intergenerational Transmission of “Migration Capital” and the Decision to Emigrate," Discussion Papers 08/26, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    5. Peter Huber, 2007. "Regional Labour Market Developments in Transition: A Survey of the Empirical Literature," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 4(2), pages 263-298, September.
    6. Artjoms Ivlevs & Roswitha M. King, 2009. "Kosovo - Winning Its Independence but Losing Its People? Recent Evidence on Emigration Intentions," Discussion Papers 09/17, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    7. Gintautas Bloze, 2009. "Interregional migration and housing structure in an East European transition country: A view of Lithuania 2001-2008," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 47-66, December.
    8. Boman, Anders, 2012. "Employment effects of extended geographic scope in job search," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 643-652.
    9. Stepan Mikula & Josef Montag, 2019. "Does homeownership hinder labor market activity? Evidence from housing privatization and restitution in Brno," MUNI ECON Working Papers 2019-06, Masaryk University.
    10. Anzelika Zaiceva & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2008. "Scale, diversity, and determinants of labour migration in Europe," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(3), pages 428-452, Autumn.
    11. Artjoms Ivlevs & Roswitha King, 2012. "Family Migration Capital and Migration Intentions," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 118-129, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Willingness to Migrate; Regional Labour Market Adjustment;

    JEL classification:

    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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