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Migration and Labour Market Differences: The Case of Wales

  • Stephen Drinkwater

    (University of Surrey, WELMERC, University of Wales Swansea and IZA Bonn)

  • David Blackaby

    (WELMERC, University of Wales Swansea and University of Swansea)

The migration of labour can affect economies in several ways. This paper focuses on two of the economic impacts of migration in the context of the recent Welsh experience. Firstly, since migration is a key aspect of labour market flexibility, it is a mechanism through which local and regional labour market differences can be reduced. However, it is found that the most deprived parts of Wales have the lowest levels of migration and that both in and outmigration rates are negatively correlated with unemployment and sickness rates. Secondly, the characteristics of in and out-migrants have important implications for the current and future performance of local and regional economies. Using a variety of data sources, it is shown that people leaving Wales are younger and more educated than migrants to Wales. Furthermore, younger and more educated Welsh individuals appear to have a higher willingness to move than their counterparts living elsewhere in Britain.

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File URL: http://www.fahs.surrey.ac.uk/economics/discussion_papers/2004/DP06-04.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Surrey in its series School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 0604.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sur:surrec:0604
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