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Air pollution and health - A provincial level analysis of China

Author

Listed:
  • Wei Zheng

    (School of Economics and Development, Wuhan University, China; School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland)

  • Patrick Paul Walsh

    (School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland)

Abstract

During the past 30 years, China has experienced high growth, and its economic expansion has been one of the strongest in world history. The rapid economic growth has accompanied by rapid increases in energy consumption, which has led to considerable air pollution and significantly affected mortality rate. In this study, Grossman Health Function was applied together with satellite-retrieved PM2.5 pollution data to estimate mortality rate caused by PM2.5 from 2001 to 2012. The results show some new evidence of the impact of sociological, economic and environmental factors on mortality rate of the population of China using the fixed effect (FE) and system generalized method of moments (GMM-sys) estimation methods. The PM2.5 has long-term positive significant effects on mortality. China is now experiencing a substantial mortality burden associated with current air pollution. Health care system and people’s education level are important in lowering mortality.

Suggested Citation

  • Wei Zheng & Patrick Paul Walsh, 2018. "Air pollution and health - A provincial level analysis of China," Working Papers 201819, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucd:wpaper:201819
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    File URL: http://www.ucd.ie/geary/static/publications/workingpapers/gearywp201819.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2018
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    Keywords

    PM2.5; Mortality rate; Temperature;

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    Statistics

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