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Unit Labour Costs and the Dynamics of Output and Unemployment in the Southern European Crisis Countries

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  • Juan Carlos Cuestas
  • Karsten Staehr
  • Javier Ordóñez

Abstract

The GIPS countries, the Southern European crisis countries, have seen depressed output dynamics and high unemployment since the outbreak of the global financial crisis. This paper considers the effects of measures that seek to improve competitiveness by reducing real unit labour costs. The results are derived in structural vector autoregressive models for each of the GIPS counties, and for the reference countries Germany and the Netherlands. The responses of output and unemployment to innovations in real unit labour costs are economically and statistically significant for Germany and the Netherlands, whereas the responses are typically small and imprecise estimated for the GIPS countries. The small and uncertain effects raise doubts regarding the efficacy of measures that seek to lower real unit labour costs in the GIPS countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Cuestas & Karsten Staehr & Javier Ordóñez, 2018. "Unit Labour Costs and the Dynamics of Output and Unemployment in the Southern European Crisis Countries," TUT Economic Research Series 41, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:ttu:tuteco:41
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Carlos Cuestas, 2019. "The current account sustainability in Central and Eastern Europe: Has it changed?," Working Papers 2019/10, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    2. Juan Carlos Cuestas & Mercedes Monfort, 2021. "Current account sustainability in Central and Eastern Europe: structural change and crisis," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 48(1), pages 141-153, February.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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