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Transmission and Generation Investment in Electricity Markets: The Effects of Market Splitting and Network Fee Regimes

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  • Grimm, Veronika
  • Martin, Alexander
  • Weibelzahl, Martin
  • Zöttl, Gregor

Abstract

In this paper we propose a three–level computational equilibrium model that allows to analyze the impact of the regulatory environment on transmission line expansion (by the regulator) and investment in generation capacity (by private firms) in liberalized electricity markets. The basic model analyzes investment decisions of the transmission operator (TO) and private firms in expectation of an energy only market and cost-based redispatch. In different specifications we consider the cases of one versus two price zones (market splitting) and analyze different approaches to recover network cost, in particular lump sum, capacity based, and energy based fees. In order to compare the outcomes of our multi–stage market model with the first best benchmark, we also solve the corresponding integrated planer problem. In two simple test networks we illustrate that energy only markets can lead to suboptimal locational decisions for generation capacity and thus, imply excessive network expansion. Market splitting heals those problems only partially. Those results obtain for both, capacity and energy based network tariffs, although investment slightly differs across those regimes.

Suggested Citation

  • Grimm, Veronika & Martin, Alexander & Weibelzahl, Martin & Zöttl, Gregor, 2014. "Transmission and Generation Investment in Electricity Markets: The Effects of Market Splitting and Network Fee Regimes," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 460, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:trf:wpaper:460
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Gert Brunekreeft & Mika Goto & Roland Meyer & Masahiro Maruyama & Toru Hattori, 2014. "Unbundling of Electricity Transmission System Operators in Germany – An Experience Report," Bremen Energy Working Papers 0016, Bremen Energy Research.

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    Keywords

    Electricity markets; Network Expansion; Generation Expansion; Investment Incentives; Computational Equilibrium Models; Transmission Management;
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