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The determinants of bank profitability: dynamic panel evidence from South Asian countries

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  • Shahidul Islam
  • Shin-Ichi Nishiyama

Abstract

Using the GMM estimator, this paper empirically studies the bank-specific, industry specific and macroeconomics specific determinants of bank profitability of 259 commercial banks in the South Asian countries (Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan) in the period of 1997-2012. Empirical results show a low level of profit persistency and a late-hit of the global financial crisis in the banking sector in the region. We found no evidence for the traditional SCP hypothesis in relation to banking profit but financial solvency and managerial excellence have positive affiliation. Cost of fund, liquidity, funding gap, term structure of interest rate and economic growth rate found negative influence while rate of inflation positively affect bank profit. Also to report that South Asian banks are operating with 'inefficient' manpower.

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  • Shahidul Islam & Shin-Ichi Nishiyama, 2015. "The determinants of bank profitability: dynamic panel evidence from South Asian countries," TERG Discussion Papers 338, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Tohoku University.
  • Handle: RePEc:toh:tergaa:338
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    Cited by:

    1. Md. Shahidul Islam & Shin-Ichi Nishiyama, 2017. "Is this adverse selection or something else to determine the non-performing loans? Dynamic panel evidence from South Asian countries," Discussion Papers 1723, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    2. Md. Shahidul ISLAM & Shin-Ichi NISHIYAMA, 2016. "The Determinants of Non-performing Loans: Dynamic Panel Evidence from South Asian Countries," DSSR Discussion Papers 64, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Tohoku University.
    3. Kaan Kutlay & Okan Veli Safakli, 2018. "The Relationship between Bank Profitability and Micro Variables with Particular Emphasis on Bank Type: The Case of Northern Cyprus," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 8(1), pages 26-40, January.
    4. Omar Ghazy Aziz & Julie Knutsen, 2019. "The Banks Profitability and Economic Freedom Quality: Empirical Evidence from Arab Economies," Journal of Banking and Financial Economics, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 1(11), pages 96-110, January.
    5. Hongxing Yao & Muhammad Haris & Gulzara Tariq, 2018. "Profitability Determinants of Financial Institutions: Evidence from Banks in Pakistan," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 1-28, May.
    6. Mohammad Ziaul Islam & Shormin Aktar & Mohammad Awal Hossen & Mohammad Mohammad Saiful Islam, 2018. "Non-Performing Loan And Asset Utilization Of Banks: Evidence From Bangladesh," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 13(4), pages 31-39, december.
    7. Serhat Yüksel & Shahriyar Mukhtarov & Elvin Mammadov & Mustafa Özsarı, 2018. "Determinants of Profitability in the Banking Sector: An Analysis of Post-Soviet Countries," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(3), pages 1-15, July.

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