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Bank Profitability and Taxation

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  • Ugo Albertazzi

    (Research Department Banca d'Italia)

  • Leonardo Gambacorta

    () (Research Department Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

This paper investigates how bank profitability is affected by the corporate income tax (CIT). For this purpose it uses aggregate data of the banking sector of the main industrialized countries, for the period 1980-2003. The main novelties with respect to the existing literature are two. First, it explicitly considers that the CIT is not specific to the banking sector so that changes in CIT rate can affect both banks and borrowing firms. With the help of a simple theoretical model we derive a set of predictions about the impact of the CIT on banks’ income statement. Second, we consider all main components of banks’ profit and loss accounts: net interest income, interest expenses, non-interest income, operating costs, and provisions. In this way, we are able to disentangle the extent to which a bank is able to shift its tax-burden forward to its lenders, depositors, and purchasers of fee-generating services

Suggested Citation

  • Ugo Albertazzi & Leonardo Gambacorta, 2006. "Bank Profitability and Taxation," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 364, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecfa:364
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    Cited by:

    1. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2014. "Does business regulation matter for banks in the European Union?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 278-324.
    2. Giacomo Ricotti & Marco Burroni & Vincenzo Cuciniello & Elena Padovani & Elena Pisano & Stefania Zotteri, 2016. "The tax burden on banks over the period 2006-2014," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 314, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Grace Gu & Ruud Mooij & Tigran Poghosyan, 2015. "Taxation and leverage in international banking," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 22(2), pages 177-200, April.
    4. Albertazzi, Ugo & Gambacorta, Leonardo, 2009. "Bank profitability and the business cycle," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 393-409, December.
    5. repec:eee:revfin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:10-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Chiorazzo, Vincenzo & Milani, Carlo, 2011. "The impact of taxation on bank profits: Evidence from EU banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3202-3212.
    7. Md. Shahidul Islam & Shin-Ichi Nishiyama, 2016. "The Determinants of Bank Profitability: Dynamic Panel Evidence from South Asian Countries," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 6(3), pages 1-6.
    8. repec:bla:intfin:v:20:y:2017:i:1:p:48-63 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2013. "The Ability of Banks to Shift Corporate Income Taxes to Customers," Working Papers 2013-09, CEPII research center.
    10. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2014. "The burden of bank taxation: corporate income tax vs. bank levy," Chapters,in: Taxing Banks Fairly, chapter 4, pages 73-89 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2017. "Incidence of Bank Levy and Bank Market Power," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(3), pages 1023-1046.
    12. Gerasimos T. Soldatos & Erotokritos Varelas, 2016. "Loan as a Durable Good and Bank Indirect-Tax Incidence," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 7(1), pages 33-38, January.
    13. Di Gong & Shiwei Hu & Jenny Ligthart, 2015. "Does Corporate Income Taxation Affect Securitization? Evidence from OECD Banks," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 48(3), pages 193-213, December.
    14. Ugo Albertazzi & Alessandro Notarpietro & Stefano Siviero, 2016. "An inquiry into the determinants of the profitability of Italian banks," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 364, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    15. Claudio Borio & Leonardo Gambacorta & Boris Hofmann, 2017. "The influence of monetary policy on bank profitability," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 48-63, March.
    16. Yong Tan & Christos Floros, 2012. "Stock market volatility and bank performance in China," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 29(3), pages 211-228, July.
    17. Brei, Michael & Gambacorta, Leonardo & von Peter, Goetz, 2013. "Rescue packages and bank lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 490-505.
    18. Kogler, Michael, 2016. "On the Incidence of Bank Levies: Theory and Evidence," Economics Working Paper Series 1606, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    19. Meles, Antonio & Porzio, Claudio & Sampagnaro, Gabriele & Verdoliva, Vincenzo, 2016. "The impact of the intellectual capital efficiency on commercial banks performance: Evidence from the US," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 64-74.
    20. Chen, Sheng-Hung & Liao, Chien-Chang, 2011. "Are foreign banks more profitable than domestic banks? Home- and host-country effects of banking market structure, governance, and supervision," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 819-839, April.
    21. Soldatos, Gerasimos T. & Varelas, Erotokritos, 2015. "Loan as a Durable Good and Bank Indirect-Tax Incidence," MPRA Paper 68220, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Buch, Claudia M. & Hilberg, Björn & Tonzer, Lena, 2016. "Taxing banks: An evaluation of the German bank levy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 52-66.
    23. Copenhagen Economics, 2011. "Elasticities of Financial Instruments, Profits and Remuneration," Taxation Papers 30, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tax-Shifting; Corporate Income Tax; Bank Profitability;

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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