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Trade in the Triad: how easy is the access to large markets?

  • Lionel Fontagné

    (Maison des Sciences Economiques)

  • Thierry Mayer
  • Soledad Zignago

    (Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales)

In this paper, we measure market access between the United States, the EU, and Japan (the Triad), using the effect of national borders on trade patterns. We investigate overall and industry-level trends of bilateral trade openness and provide explanations for those using proxies for bilateral observed protection (tariffs and NTBs), home bias of consumers, product differentiation, and levels of FDI. The explanations related to actual protection, home bias and substitutability of goods put together explain a large part of the border effect between blocs of the Triad, although they do not explain the whole of the border effect puzzle.

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/10189.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Canadian Journal of Economics, 2005, vol. 38, pp.1401-1430
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/10189
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