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Having it Both Ways: A Theory of the Banking Firm with Time-Consistent and Time-Inconsistent Depositors

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  • Carolina Laureti
  • Ariane Szafarz

Abstract

Our equilibrium model determines the liquidity premium offered by a monopolistic bank to a pool of depositors made up of time-consistent and time-inconsistent agents. Time-consistent depositors demand compensation for illiquidity, whereas time-inconsistent ones are willing to forgo interest on illiquid savings accounts to discipline their future selves. We show that formal financial markets can reward time-inconsistent clients for illiquidity, even though these agents would agree to pay for it. The explanation combines two factors: the existence of reserve requirements making the bank keen to reward illiquid accounts more than liquid ones, and the presence of time-consistent agents who view illiquidity as a burden and therefore demand compensation for holding illiquid accounts.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Laureti & Ariane Szafarz, 2014. "Having it Both Ways: A Theory of the Banking Firm with Time-Consistent and Time-Inconsistent Depositors," Working Papers CEB 14-011, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/163490
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    Cited by:

    1. Carolina Laureti & Ariane Szafarz, 2014. "The Liquidity Premium: Commercial Banks versus Microfinance Institutions," Working Papers CEB 14-029, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. repec:taf:apeclt:v:23:y:2016:i:17:p:1244-1249 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Marc Labie & Carolina Laureti & Ariane Szafarz, 2016. "Discipline and Flexibility: A Behavioral Perspective on Product Design in Microfinance," Working Papers CEB 15-020, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. Carolina Laureti & Ariane Szafarz, 2016. "The price of deposit liquidity: banks versus microfinance institutions," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(17), pages 1244-1249, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deposit; commitment; flexibility; liquidity premium; hyperbolic discounting; Bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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