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The Microstructure of a U.S. Treasury ECN: The Brokertec Platform

Author

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  • Michael Fleming

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

  • Bruce Mizrach

    () (Rutgers University)

Abstract

This paper assesses the microstructure of the U.S. Treasury securities market using tick data from the BrokerTec electronic trading platform. We examine trading activity, bid-ask spreads, and depth for the on-the-run 2-, 3-, 5-, 10- and 30-year securities and find that liquidity is markedly greater than that reported by earlier studies using data from GovPX. We analyze the price impact of trades and find that the effects are overstated if order book changes are ignored, and that order book changes affect prices by themselves. We also explore a novel feature of this platform – the ability to enter "iceberg" orders – and find that such orders are more common when price volatility is higher, as predicted by theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Fleming & Bruce Mizrach, 2008. "The Microstructure of a U.S. Treasury ECN: The Brokertec Platform," Departmental Working Papers 200803, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:rut:rutres:200803
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    Cited by:

    1. Moinas, Sophie, 2010. "Hidden Limit Orders and Liquidity in Order Driven Markets," IDEI Working Papers 600, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
    2. Chaboud, Alain P. & Chiquoine, Benjamin & Hjalmarsson, Erik & Loretan, Mico, 2010. "Frequency of observation and the estimation of integrated volatility in deep and liquid financial markets," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 212-240, March.
    3. Bruce Mizrach & Christopher J. Neely, 2007. "The microstructure of the U.S. treasury market," Working Papers 2007-052, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    4. Jiang, George J. & Lo, Ingrid, 2014. "Private information flow and price discovery in the U.S. treasury market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 118-133.
    5. Sun, Zhuowei & Dunne, Peter G. & Li, Youwei, 2015. "Price discovery in the dual-platform US Treasury market," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 95-110.
    6. Jens H. E. Christensen & James M. Gillan, 2011. "A model-independent maximum range for the liquidity correction of TIPS yields," Working Paper Series 2011-16, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    7. Hajime Tomura, 2012. "On the Existence and Fragility of Repo Markets," Staff Working Papers 12-17, Bank of Canada.
    8. Frey, Stefan & Sandås, Patrik, 2009. "The impact of iceberg orders in limit order books," CFR Working Papers 09-06, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    9. William Dudley & Jennifer E. Roush & Michelle Steinberg Ezer, 2009. "The case for TIPS: an examination of the costs and benefits," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jul, pages 1-17.
    10. Nikolaus Hautsch & Ruihong Huang, 2012. "On the Dark Side of the Market: Identifying and Analyzing Hidden Order Placements," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-014, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    11. Coluzzi, Chiara & Ginebri, Sergio & Turco, Manuel, 2008. "Measuring and Analyzing the Liquidity of the Italian Treasury Security Wholesale Secondary Market," Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers esdp08044, University of Molise, Dept. EGSeI.
    12. Robert Engle & Michael J. Fleming & Eric Ghysels & Giang Nguyen, 2012. "Liquidity, volatility, and flights to safety in the U.S. treasury market: evidence from a new class of dynamic order book models," Staff Reports 590, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    13. Coluzzi, Chiara & Ginebri, Sergio, 2008. "Order Dynamics in the Italian Treasury Security Wholesale Secondary Market," Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers esdp08050, University of Molise, Dept. EGSeI.
    14. Dunne, Peter & Hau, Harald & Moore, Michael, 2008. "A Tale of Two Platforms: Dealer Intermediation in the European Sovereign Bond Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 6969, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    microstructure; Treasury market; bid-ask spread; price impact; hidden orders;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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