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A Laboratory Experiment to Compare Two Market Institutions for Emissions Trading

Author

Listed:
  • Ghosh, Gaurav

    (E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN))

  • Kwasnica, Anthony

    (Department of Insurance and Real Estate, Pennsylvania State University)

  • Shortle, James

    (Environmental and Natural Resources Institute, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Pennsylvania State University)

Abstract

We report results from an economic experiment where two markets institutions for controlling water pollution are compared. In the status quo institution, permit trades between point and nonpoint sources are subject to a trading ratio. In the alternative, nonpoint abatements are converted into permits with multiple attributes. The test bed captures important features of existing markets for water quality trading. First, pollution is stochastic, poorly observed and imperfectly controlled by nonpoints. Second, the market is characterized by oligopsony. The results indicate that the multi-attribute market generates a superior environmental outcome to the trading ratio market. Furthermore, the average cost of pollution control is lower in the multi-attribute market. Market power is found to be independent of the type of market institution, but sellers of permits learn to resist market power as they gain experience. This is at the cost of market efficiency since their resistance reduces the number of trades.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghosh, Gaurav & Kwasnica, Anthony & Shortle, James, 2010. "A Laboratory Experiment to Compare Two Market Institutions for Emissions Trading," FCN Working Papers 18/2010, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:fcnwpa:2010_018
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Nguyen, N.P. & Shortle, J.S. & Reed, P.M. & Nguyen, T.T., 2013. "Water quality trading with asymmetric information, uncertainty and transaction costs: A stochastic agent-based simulation," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 60-90.
    6. Harmsen - van Hout, Marjolein & Ghosh, Gaurav & Madlener, Reinhard, 2013. "An Evaluation of Attribute Anchoring Bias in a Choice Experimental Setting," FCN Working Papers 6/2013, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    7. Michelsen, Carl Christian & Madlener, Reinhard, 2011. "Homeowners' Preferences for Adopting Residential Heating Systems: A Discrete Choice Analysis for Germany," FCN Working Papers 9/2011, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    8. Kraas, Birk & Schroedter-Homscheidt, Marion & Pulvermüller, Benedikt & Madlener, Reinhard, 2011. "Economic Assessment of a Concentrating Solar Power Forecasting System for Participation in the Spanish Electricity Market," FCN Working Papers 12/2011, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    9. Harmsen - van Hout, Marjolein & Ghosh, Gaurav & Madlener, Reinhard, 2013. "The Impact of Green Framing on Consumers’ Valuations of Energy-Saving Measures," FCN Working Papers 7/2013, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).

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