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L’économie de la fonctionnalité : perspective historique et illustration empirique The economy of functionality: historical perspective and empirical illustration

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()

    (Clersé - Université du Littoral - Lille Nord de France, RRI)

  • Blandine LAPERCHE

    ()

    (Clersé - Université du Littoral - Lille Nord de France, RRI)

  • Fabienne PICARD

    ()

    (IRTES - RECITS, Université de Technologie de Belfort Montbéliard, RRI)

Registered author(s):

    Cet article étudie les fondements historiques et théoriques de l’économie de la fonctionnalité et analyse au travers d’une enquête qualitative la réalité de sa diffusion dans les entreprises industrielles françaises. L’économie de la fonctionnalité qui repose sur la vente d’un service aux clients plutôt que d’un bien matériel s’inscrit dans la recherche de nouveaux modes d’organisation des activités économiques compatibles avec le développement durable. Mais peut-elle être considérée comme un moteur de croissance économique ? Nous montrons que l’économie de la fonctionnalité se positionne en rupture avec certains des fondements du modèle d’organisation fordiste sur les plans de la production, de la consommation et de la prise en compte de la contrainte environnementale. Les entreprises interrogées s’intègrent peu à peu dans cette logique en développant des systèmes produits-services qui restent cependant basiques, au sens où il s’agit davantage d’une combinaison de produits et de services plutôt que d’une substitution des services aux produits. Les freins restent nombreux pour la généralisation des systèmes produits-services et pour que l’économie de la fonctionnalité soit à l’origine d’une nouvelle phase de croissance. This article examines the historical and theoretical foundations of the functional economy and analyses through a qualitative survey the reality of its dissemination in the French industrial companies. The functional economy, which is based on the sale of a serv ice to a customer rather than a physical product corresponds to the search of new ways of organizing the economic activities, consistent with the promotion of a sustainable development. But can it be regarded as an engine of economic growth? We show that the functional economics breaks out with some of the foundations of the Fordist model in terms of production, consumption and in the way the environmental constraints is taken into account. The companies surveyed are gradually implementing this logic by developing product-service systems which however remain basic in the sense they are more a combination of products andservices rather than a substitution of services to products. Some brakes remain for the generalization of product-service systems into companies and so that the functional economy contributes to a new trend of growth.

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    Paper provided by Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 35.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Documents de travail du RRI, 2013
    Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:35
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    Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
    Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
    Web page: http://rrifr.univ-littoral.fr/
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    1. Vandermerwe, Sandra & Rada, Juan, 1988. "Servitization of business: Adding value by adding services," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 314-324, December.
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    8. Gebauer, Heiko & Fleisch, Elgar & Friedli, Thomas, 2005. "Overcoming the Service Paradox in Manufacturing Companies," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 14-26, February.
    9. Malleret, Véronique, 2006. "Value Creation through Service Offers," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 106-116, February.
    10. Jacques Dumontier, 1965. "Généralisation de la loi des trois secteurs," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(6), pages 974-978.
    11. Gallouj, Faiz & Weinstein, Olivier, 1997. "Innovation in services," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 537-556, December.
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