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L’économie de la fonctionnalité : perspective historique et illustration empirique
[The economy of functionality: historical perspective and empirical illustration]

Author

Listed:
  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    () (Clersé - Université du Littoral - Lille Nord de France, RRI)

  • Blandine LAPERCHE

    () (Clersé - Université du Littoral - Lille Nord de France, RRI)

  • Fabienne PICARD

    () (IRTES - RECITS, Université de Technologie de Belfort Montbéliard, RRI)

Abstract

Cet article étudie les fondements historiques et théoriques de l’économie de la fonctionnalité et analyse au travers d’une enquête qualitative la réalité de sa diffusion dans les entreprises industrielles françaises. L’économie de la fonctionnalité qui repose sur la vente d’un service aux clients plutôt que d’un bien matériel s’inscrit dans la recherche de nouveaux modes d’organisation des activités économiques compatibles avec le développement durable. Mais peut-elle être considérée comme un moteur de croissance économique ? Nous montrons que l’économie de la fonctionnalité se positionne en rupture avec certains des fondements du modèle d’organisation fordiste sur les plans de la production, de la consommation et de la prise en compte de la contrainte environnementale. Les entreprises interrogées s’intègrent peu à peu dans cette logique en développant des systèmes produits-services qui restent cependant basiques, au sens où il s’agit davantage d’une combinaison de produits et de services plutôt que d’une substitution des services aux produits. Les freins restent nombreux pour la généralisation des systèmes produits-services et pour que l’économie de la fonctionnalité soit à l’origine d’une nouvelle phase de croissance.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER & Blandine LAPERCHE & Fabienne PICARD, 2013. "L’économie de la fonctionnalité : perspective historique et illustration empirique
    [The economy of functionality: historical perspective and empirical illustration]
    ," Working Papers 35, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:35
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    File URL: http://rrifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/doc35.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    économie de la fonctionnalité; systèmes produits-services; environnement; entreprises industrielles; Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Environment and Development;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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