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Heterogeneous Price Rigidities and Monetary Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Christopher Clayton

    (Harvard University)

  • Andreas Schaab

    (Harvard University)

  • Xavier Jaravel

    (London School of Economics)

Abstract

This paper investigates the implications of heterogeneous price rigidities across sectors for the distributional and aggregate effects of monetary policy. First, we identify and characterize analytically a new set of earnings and expenditure channels of monetary policy that emerge in the presence of sectoral heterogeneity. Second, we establish empirically that (i) prices are more rigid in sectors selling to college-educated households, (ii) prices are more rigid in sectors employing college-educated households, and (iii) sectors that employ college-educated households also sell more to these households. These new facts suggest that monetary policy stabilizes sectors that matter relatively more for college-educated households, due to an expenditure channel (from (i)), an earnings channel (from (ii)), and their amplification by feedback loops (from (iii)). Finally, we develop a multi-sector incomplete-markets Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian model, in which households of different education levels work and consume in different sectors. We quantify the aggregate and distributional effects from heterogeneous price rigidities using this model. In the baseline calibration, we find that the consumption of college-educated households is 22% more sensitive to monetary policy shocks as that of non-college households, while the aggregate real effect of monetary policy is 5% stronger than with homogeneous price rigidities.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher Clayton & Andreas Schaab & Xavier Jaravel, 2019. "Heterogeneous Price Rigidities and Monetary Policy," 2019 Meeting Papers 1480, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed019:1480
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heterogeneous Price Rigidities and Monetary Policy
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2019-10-10 18:42:51

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