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Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos

This paper presents the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), a measure of acute poverty, understood as a person's inability to meet simultaneously minimum international standards in indicators related to the Millennium Development Goals and to core functionings. It constitutes the first implementation of the direct method to measure poverty for over 100 developing countries. After presenting the MPI, we analyse its scope and robustness, with a focus on the data challenges and methodological issues involved in constructing and estimating it. A range of robustness tests indicate that the MPI offers a reliable framework that can complement global income poverty estimates.

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File URL: http://www3.qeh.ox.ac.uk/pdf/ophiwp/OPHIWP059.pdf
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Paper provided by Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford in its series OPHI Working Papers with number ophiwp059.

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Date of creation: Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:qeh:ophiwp:ophiwp059
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  1. Francisco Ferreira, 2011. "Poverty is multidimensional. But what are we going to do about it?," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 493-495, September.
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  4. Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp038, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  5. Stephan Klasen, 2007. "Poverty, Undernutrition, and Child Mortality: Some Inter-Regional Puzzles and their Implications for Research and Policy," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 156, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
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  9. Christopher Whelan & Brian Nolan & Bertrand Maitre, 2012. "GINI DP 40: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement in Europe: An Application of the Adjusted Headcount Approach," GINI Discussion Papers 40, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  10. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7-8), pages 476-487, August.
  11. Alkire, Sabina, 2008. "Choosing Dimensions: The Capability Approach and Multidimensional Poverty," MPRA Paper 8862, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
  13. Camelia Minoiu & Shatakshee Dhongde, 2011. "Global Poverty Estimates; A Sensitivity Analysis," IMF Working Papers 11/234, International Monetary Fund.
  14. James Foster & Sabina Alkire & Maria Emma Santos, 2011. "Where Did Identification Go?," Working Papers 2011-20, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  15. repec:aia:ginidp:dp40 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Bourguignon, F. & Chakravarty, S.R., 1998. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," DELTA Working Papers 98-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  17. Erik Thorbecke, 2011. "A comment on multidimensional poverty indices," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 485-487, September.
  18. Stephan Klasen & Claudia Wink, 2003. ""Missing Women": Revisiting The Debate," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2-3), pages 263-299.
  19. Juan Carlos Feres & Xavier Mancero, 2001. "El método de las necesidades básicas insatisfechas (NBI) y sus aplicaciones en América Latina," DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION 002525, CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS.
  20. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and Household Size," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1415-34, November.
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  24. Christopher T. Whelan & Brian Nolan & Bertrand Maître, 2012. "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement in Europe: An Application of the Adjusted Headcount Approach," Working Papers 201211, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  25. Ma. Casilda Lasso de la Vega, 2009. "Counting poverty orderings and deprivation curves," Working Papers 150, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  26. Cesar Calvo and Fernando Fernandez, 2012. "Measurement Errors and Multidimensional Poverty," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp050, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  27. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav & van de Walle, Dominique, 1991. "Quantifying Absolute Poverty in the Developing World," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(4), pages 345-61, December.
  28. Sabina Alkire and Suman Seth, 2013. "Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India between 1999 and 2006: Where and How?," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp060, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
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