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Income and beyond: Multidimensional poverty in six Latin American countries

Author

Listed:
  • Diego Battiston

    () (CEDLAS, Universidad de La Plata)

  • Guillermo Cruces

    () (CEDLAS, Universidad de La Plata and CONICET, Argentina)

  • Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva

    () (UNDP, Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean.)

  • Maria Ana Lugo

    () (Department of Economics, University of Oxford)

  • Maria Emma Santos

    () (OPHI, University of Oxford and CONICET, Argentina)

Abstract

This paper presents empirical results of a wide range of multidimensional poverty measures for: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay, for the period 1992–2006. Six dimensions are analysed: income, child attendance at school, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter. Over the study period, El Salvador, Brazil, Mexico and Chile experienced significant reductions of multidimensional poverty. In contrast, in urban Uruguay there was a small reduction in multidimensional poverty, while in urban Argentina the estimates did not change significantly. El Salvador, Brazil and Mexico together with rural areas of Chile display significantly higher and more simultaneous deprivations than urban areas of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. In all countries, access to proper sanitation and education of the household head are the highest contributors to overall multidimensional poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Battiston & Guillermo Cruces & Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva & Maria Ana Lugo & Maria Emma Santos, 2009. "Income and beyond: Multidimensional poverty in six Latin American countries," Working Papers 142, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  • Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2009-142
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    File URL: http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2009-142.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multidimensional poverty measurement; counting approach; Latin America; Unsatisfied Basic Needs; rural and urban areas.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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