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Where Do The Poor Live?

  • Sumner, Andy
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    This paper argues that the distribution of global poverty has changed and that most of the world’s poor no longer live in countries officially classified as low-income countries (LICs). It is estimated that the majority of the world’s poor, or up to a billion people, live in middle-income countries (MICs). This pattern is largely as a result of the recent graduation into the MIC category of a number of populous countries. The paper discusses the trends in the distribution of global poverty, and opens a wider discussion on the potential implications for aid and development cooperation.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X11002294
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 865-877

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:5:p:865-877
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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    1. Angus Deaton, 2010. "Price indexes, inequality, and the measurement of world poverty," Working Papers 1207, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
    2. Kenneth Harttgen and Stephan Klasen, 2010. "Fragility And Mdg Progress: How Useful Is The Fragility Concept?," RSCAS Working Papers 2010/20, European University Institute.
    3. Owen Barder, 2009. "What is Poverty Reduction?," Working Papers 170, Center for Global Development.
    4. Kanbur, Ravi & Mukherjee, Diganta, 2007. "Poverty, Relative to the Ability to Eradicate It: An Index of Poverty Reduction Failure," Working Papers 126998, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    5. Adrian Wood (QEH), . "Looking ahead optimally in allocating aid," QEH Working Papers qehwps137, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    6. Alberto Alesina & David Dollar, 1998. "Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?," NBER Working Papers 6612, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Edward Anderson & Hugh Waddington, 2007. "Aid and the Millennium Development Goal Poverty Target: How Much is Required and How Should it be Allocated?," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 1-31.
    8. Oecd, 2002. "Aid volume, channels and allocations for poverty reduction," OECD Journal on Development, OECD Publishing, vol. 3(3), pages 33-46.
    9. Andy Sumner, 2010. "Global Poverty and the New Bottom Billion: Three-Quarters of the World?s Poor Live in Middle-Income Countries," One Pager 120, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    10. Angus Deaton & Alan Heston, 2008. "Understanding PPPs and PPP-based national accounts," Working Papers 1120, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
    11. Kanbur, Ravi & Sumner, Andy, 2011. "Poor Countries Or Poor People? Development Assistance And The New Geography Of Global Poverty," Working Papers 126539, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    12. Martin Ravallion, 2009. "Do Poorer Countries Have Less Capacity for Redistribution?," One Pager 97, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    13. Branchflower, Andrew & Hennell, Sarah & Pongracz, Sophie & Smart, Malcolm, 2004. "How Important Are Difficult Environments To Achieving The Mdgs?," PRDE Working Papers 12821, Department for International Development (DFID) (UK).
    14. Todd Moss and Ben Leo, 2011. "IDA at 65: Heading Toward Retirement or a Fragile Lease on Life? - Working Paper 246," Working Papers 246, Center for Global Development.
    15. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 1999. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2041, The World Bank.
    16. Baulch, Bob, 2006. "Aid distribution and the MDGs," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 933-950, June.
    17. World Bank, 2010. "World Development Indicators 2010," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 4373, June.
    18. Shaohua Chen & Martin Ravallion, 2010. "The Developing World Is Poorer Than We Thought, but No Less Successful in the Fight Against Poverty," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(4), pages 1577-1625, November.
    19. Kenny, Charles, 2006. "What is effective aid? How would donors allocate It?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4005, The World Bank.
    20. Dollar, David & Levin, Victoria, 2006. "The Increasing Selectivity of Foreign Aid, 1984-2003," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 2034-2046, December.
    21. Paul Clist, . "25 Years of Aid Allocation Practice: Comparing Donors and Eras," Discussion Papers 09/11, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
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