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Where Do The Poor Live?

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  • Sumner, Andy

Abstract

This paper argues that the distribution of global poverty has changed and that most of the world’s poor no longer live in countries officially classified as low-income countries (LICs). It is estimated that the majority of the world’s poor, or up to a billion people, live in middle-income countries (MICs). This pattern is largely as a result of the recent graduation into the MIC category of a number of populous countries. The paper discusses the trends in the distribution of global poverty, and opens a wider discussion on the potential implications for aid and development cooperation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sumner, Andy, 2012. "Where Do The Poor Live?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 865-877.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:5:p:865-877
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.09.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    20. Paul Clist, "undated". "25 Years of Aid Allocation Practice: Comparing Donors and Eras," Discussion Papers 09/11, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Edward & Andy Sumner, 2013. "The Future of Global Poverty in a Multi-Speed World: New Estimates of Scale, Location and Cost," Working Papers 111, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    2. Peter Nunnenkamp & Albena Sotirova & Rainer Thiele, 2016. "Do Aid Donors Specialize and Coordinate within Recipient Countries? The case of Malawi," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 34(6), pages 831-849, November.
    3. repec:bla:glopol:v:8:y:2017:i:1:p:92-96 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Bodenstein, Thilo & Kemmerling, Achim, 2015. "A Paradox of Redistribution in International Aid? The Determinants of Poverty-Oriented Development Assistance," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 359-369.
    5. Ralph W. Huenemann, 2014. "The World Bank and China: Future Prospects," Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 251-256, January.
    6. Goff, Sarah C., 2016. "Fair trade: global problems and individual responsibilities," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 68285, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Alkire, Sabina & Santos, Maria Emma, 2014. "Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 251-274.
    8. Jose Antonio Alonso & Ana Luiza Cortez & Stephan Klasen, 2014. "LDC and other country groupings: How useful are current approaches to classify countries in a more hetergeneous developing world?," CDP Background Papers 021, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
    9. repec:eee:ecoser:v:7:y:2014:i:c:p:34-45 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Sudhir Anand & Paul Segal, 2014. "The Global Distribution of Income," Economics Series Working Papers 714, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    11. repec:psl:pslqrr:2017:14 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Fantom,Neil James & Serajuddin,Umar, 2016. "The World Bank's classification of countries by income," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7528, The World Bank.
    13. repec:bla:devpol:v:35:y:2017:i::p:o10-o28 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Edward, Peter & Sumner, Andy, 2014. "Estimating the Scale and Geography of Global Poverty Now and in the Future: How Much Difference Do Method and Assumptions Make?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 67-82.
    15. repec:eee:wdevel:v:106:y:2018:i:c:p:356-375 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Domínguez, Rafael & Olivié, Iliana, 2014. "Retos para la cooperación al desarrollo en el post-2015 /Challenges for Development Cooperation in the Post-2015," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 32, pages 995-1020, Septiembr.
    17. Dennis Wichelns, 2015. "Achieving Water and Food Security in 2050: Outlook, Policies, and Investments," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-33, April.
    18. Devarajan, Shantayanan & Kanbur, Ravi, 2013. "The Evolution of Development Strategy as Balancing Market and Government Failure," Working Papers 180091, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    19. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Andy Sumner, 2016. "Is the ‘Developing World’ Changing? A Dynamic and Multidimensional Taxonomy of Developing Countries," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 28(5), pages 847-874, November.
    20. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Andy Sumner, 2013. "Revisiting the Meaning of Development: A Multidimensional Taxonomy of Developing Countries," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(12), pages 1728-1745, December.
    21. Andy Sumner, 2012. "The Buoyant Billions: How “Middle Class†Are the New Middle Classes in Developing Countries? (And Why Does It Matter?)," Working Papers id:5169, eSocialSciences.

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