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A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: The Case of Colombia

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  • Roberto Carlos Angulo Salazar
  • Beatriz Yadira Diaz
  • Renata Pardo Pinzon

Abstract

Previous multidimensional indicators adopted in Colombian, as the Unmet Basic Needs or the Living Conditions Index, lose their policy relevance and arguably have become poor instruments for poverty measurement. This paper presents the Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (CMPI), a synthetic indicator that overcomes the methodological problems that arose from previous multidimensional indices, and that has a broad public policy scope of use. The CMPI is based on the methodology of Alkire and Foster (2010); is composed of five dimensions (education of household members, childhood and youth conditions, health, employment and access to household utilities and living conditions); and uses a nested weighting structure, where each dimension is equally weighted, as is each indicator within each dimension. This paper proposes the CMPI to tracking multiple deprivations across the national territory, to monitor public policies by sector and to design poverty reduction goals, among other public policy uses. Analysis of the results demonstrates that multidimensional poverty in Colombia decreased between 1997 and 2010. Multidimensional poverty rates decreased in both urban and rural areas, but imbalances remain.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Carlos Angulo Salazar & Beatriz Yadira Diaz & Renata Pardo Pinzon, 2013. "A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: The Case of Colombia," OPHI Working Papers 62, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:qeh:ophiwp:ophiwp062
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Vélez, Carlos Eduardo & Azevedo, Joao Pedro & Posso-Suárez, Christian Manuel, 2010. "Oportunidades para los niños colombianos: cuánto avanzamos en esta década," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2010-11.
    2. Sabina Alkire & James Foster, 2011. "Understandings and misunderstandings of multidimensional poverty measurement," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 9(2), pages 289-314, June.
    3. Sen, Amartya, 1979. " Issues in the Measurement of Poverty," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 81(2), pages 285-307.
    4. Diego Battiston & Guillermo Cruces & Luis Lopez-Calva & Maria Lugo & Maria Santos, 2013. "Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 291-314, June.
    5. Darwin Cortés & Luis F. Gamboa & Jorge I. González, 1999. "ICV: hacia una medida de estándar de vida," Coyuntura Social 013028, Fedesarrollo.
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    7. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Angulo, 2016. "From Multidimensional Poverty Measurement to Multisector Public Policy for Poverty Reduction: Lessons from the Colombian Case," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp102_1.pdf, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    2. Santos, María Emma, 2019. "Challenges in designing national multidimensional poverty measures," Estudios Estadísticos 100, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Andres Mauricio Gomez Sanchez & Claudia Liceth Fajardo Hoyos & Juliana Isabel Sarmiento Castillo, 2016. "Líneas de Pobreza en el Cauca: Una medición subvalorada," Revista de Economía del Caribe 014792, Universidad del Norte.
    4. Rodriguez Takeuchi,Laura Kiku, 2020. "Violence and Newborn Health : Estimates for Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9377, The World Bank.
    5. Dorothy Watson & Bertrand Maître & Christopher T. Whelan & Helen Russell, 2017. "Poverty, economic stress and quality of life: lessons from the Irish case," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 64(2), pages 125-143, June.
    6. Adrián Cabrera & Carmelo García-Pérez, 2020. "Homeless in Spain: An Analysis Based on Multidimensional Indicators of Deprivation," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 151(3), pages 1149-1167, October.
    7. Santos, María Emma, 2019. "Non-monetary indicators to monitor SDG targets 1.2 and 1.4: standards, availability, comparability and quality," Estudios Estadísticos 99, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    8. Maira Colacce & Victoria Tenenbaum, 2017. "Un análisis de la evolución de la pobreza multidimensional en la infancia y adolescencia en Uruguay entre 2006 y 2014," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 32(2), pages 171-212.
    9. Sebastián Burgos Dávila & Fernando Cando Ortega, 2016. "Multidimensional poverty: an index for Ecuador using Alkire and Foster methodology," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 41(42), pages 11-52, july-dece.
    10. Maria Emma Santos & Pablo Villatoro & Xavier Mancero & Pascual Gerstenfeld, 2015. "A Multidimensional Poverty Index for Latin America," OPHI Working Papers 79, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    11. Builes-Jaramillo, Alejandro & Lotero, Laura, 2020. "Closeness matters. Spatial autocorrelation and relationship between socioeconomic indices and distance to departmental Colombian capitals," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).

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