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Forecasting Financial Vulnerability in the US: A Factor Model Approach

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  • Kim, Hyeongwoo
  • Shi, Wen

Abstract

This paper presents a factor-based forecasting model for the financial market vulnerability, measured by changes in the Cleveland Financial Stress Index (CFSI). We estimate latent common factors via the method of the principal components from 170 monthly frequency macroeconomic data in order to out-of-sample forecast the CFSI. Our factor models outperform both the random walk and the autoregressive benchmark models in out-of-sample predictability at least for the short-term forecast horizons, which is a desirable feature since financial crises often come to a surprise realization. Interestingly, the first common factor, which plays a key role in predicting the financial vulnerability index, seems to be more closely related with real activity variables rather than nominal variables. We also present a binary choice version factor model that estimates the probability of the high stress regime successfully.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Hyeongwoo & Shi, Wen, 2018. "Forecasting Financial Vulnerability in the US: A Factor Model Approach," MPRA Paper 89766, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:89766
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    3. Massimiliano Caporin & Petre Caraiani & Oguzhan Cepni & Rangan Gupta, 2024. "Predicting the Conditional Distribution of US Stock Market Systemic Stress: The Role of Climate Risks," Working Papers 202407, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Stress Index; Method of the Principal Component; Out-of-Sample Forecast; Ratio of Root Mean Square Prediction Error; Diebold-Mariano-West Statistic; Ordered Probit Model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

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