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Monetary Transmission Mechanism in India: A Quarterly Model

Author

Listed:
  • Kapur, Muneesh
  • Behera, Harendra

Abstract

This paper examines monetary transmission mechanism for India in the context of a small macro model using quarterly data. Given the volatility emanating from the agricultural sector, the paper models both overall growth and overall inflation as well as non-agricultural growth and non-food manufactured products inflation, i.e., components stripped of the influence from the agricultural sector and which are more amenable to monetary actions. Model simulations for a one-quarter 100 bps increase in the nominal effective policy rate show that the peak effect on non-agricultural growth is almost 40 bps with a lag of 2 quarters and that on non-food manufactured products inflation is 25 bps with a lag of 5 quarters. Therefore, the interest rate channel is effective in the Indian context and the magnitude of the impact on growth and inflation is comparable to that in major advanced and emerging economies; however, the evidence for both India and other countries suggest that the impact of monetary policy actions on inflation is modest and subject to lags. The results are sensitive to alternative measures of real interest rate. Despite the monetary tightening by Reserve Bank of India during 2010 and 2011, inflation remained high and this could be attributed to the structural component of food inflation as well as the surge in international commodity prices beginning the second half of 2010 and continuing into the first half of 2011.

Suggested Citation

  • Kapur, Muneesh & Behera, Harendra, 2012. "Monetary Transmission Mechanism in India: A Quarterly Model," MPRA Paper 70631, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:70631
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    as


    Cited by:

    1. Khundrakpam, Jeevan Kumar, 2013. "Are there Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy in India?," MPRA Paper 53059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:eee:jpolmo:v:39:y:2017:i:2:p:349-370 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Muneesh Kapur & Rakesh Mohan, 2014. "India’s Recent Macroeconomic Performance; An Assessment and Way Forward," IMF Working Papers 14/68, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Khundrakpam, Jeevan Kumar, 2013. "A Note on Differential Asymmetric Effects of Money Supply and Policy Rate Shocks in India," MPRA Paper 53058, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. S. Gangadaran, "undated". "Inflation in India: Behavior of Major Components," Working Papers wp18, South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre.
    6. Bhattacharya, Rudrani & Patnaik,Ila, 2014. "Monetary policy analysis in an inflation targeting framework in emerging economies: The case of India," Working Papers 14/131, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    7. repec:ris:betajl:0015 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Georgiadis, Georgios & Jančoková, Martina, 2017. "Financial globalisation, monetary policy spillovers and macro-modelling: tales from 1001 shocks," Working Paper Series 2082, European Central Bank.
    9. Raghbendra Jha & Varsha S. Kulkarni, 2012. "Inflation Volatility and the Inflation-Growth Tradeoff in India," ASARC Working Papers 2012-11, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
    10. Raghbendra Jha & Varsha S. Kulkarni, 2013. "Inflation, its Volatility and the Inflation-Growth Tradeoff in India," ASARC Working Papers 2013-06, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
    11. Mohanty, Deepak & John, Joice, 2015. "Determinants of inflation in India," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 86-96.
    12. Ashima Goyal & Abhishek Kumar, 2017. "A DSGE model-based analysis of the Indian slowdown," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2017-003, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    13. Harendra Behera & Sitikantha Pattanaik & Rajesh Kavediya, 2015. "Natural Interest Rate: Assessing the Stance of India’s Monetary Policy under Uncertainty," Working Papers id:7654, eSocialSciences.
    14. repec:een:camaaa:2012-54 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange Rate Pass-through; India; Monetary Policy; Monetary Policy Reaction Function; Monetary Transmission; Neutral Interest Rate; Phillips Curve;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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