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Análisis de las disparidades regionales en Colombia: una aproximación desde la estadística espacial, 1985 – 2010
[Analysis of regional disparities in Colombia: an approach from spatial statistics, 1985 - 2010]

Author

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  • Moncada Mesa, Jhonny
  • Loaiza Quintero, Osmar Leandro

Abstract

Resumen: Este trabajo tiene por objetivo determinar si existe convergencia en la actividad económica de los municipios de Colombia, medida por medio de los Ingresos Tributarios per cápita, para el periodo 1985-2010. Con este fin se realiza un análisis exploratorio de datos espaciales, elaborando los indicadores de Moran Global y Local; además, se construye la Matriz de Markov del Moran Local, donde se encuentra autocorrelación espacial positiva entre los municipios del país, sobresaliendo las Áreas Metropolitanas ubicadas en Cundinamarca y Antioquia. Por otro lado, se testea la hipótesis de convergencia no condicional mediante estimaciones de convergencia clásica, en primera medida, para luego incluir explícitamente la dependencia espacial en el modelo de regresión. De esta forma, se concluye que hay convergencia en los municipios colombianos para el periodo analizado, llegado a una velocidad de convergencia aproximada de 3,34% anual.

Suggested Citation

  • Moncada Mesa, Jhonny & Loaiza Quintero, Osmar Leandro, 2013. "Análisis de las disparidades regionales en Colombia: una aproximación desde la estadística espacial, 1985 – 2010 [Analysis of regional disparities in Colombia: an approach from spatial statistics, ," MPRA Paper 51405, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:51405
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cardenas, Mauricio & Ponton, Adriana, 1995. "Growth and convergence in Colombia: 1950-1990," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 5-37, June.
    2. Jaime Bonet & Adolfo Meisel, 1999. "La convergencia regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo 1926-1995," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, March.
    3. Puga, Diego, 1999. "The rise and fall of regional inequalities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 303-334, February.
    4. Paul Krugman, 1996. "Urban Concentration: The Role of Increasing Returns and Transport Costs," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 19(1-2), pages 5-30, April.
    5. Luis Armando Galvis A. & Adolfo Meisel, 2001. "El crecimiento económico de las ciudades colombianas y sus determinantes, 1973 - 1998," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, March.
    6. Bonet-Morón, Jaime Alfredo & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2001. "La convergencia regional en Colombia : una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," Chapters, in: Meisel-Roca, Adolfo (ed.), Regiones, ciudades y crecimiento económico en Colombia, chapter 1, pages 11-56, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Boris Branisa & Adriana Cardozo, 2009. "Revisiting the Regional Growth Convergence Debate in Colombia Using Income Indicators," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 194, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research, revised 21 Aug 2009.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economía espacial; econometría espacial; disparidad regional; convergencia; Spatial Economics; Spatial Econometrics; Regional Disparity; Convergence;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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