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Macrostructure and microstructure: Evidence from overlapping village networks in The Gambia

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  • Jaimovich, Dany

Abstract

Using a unique dataset collected in 60 Gambian villages, I study six social and economic networks: (i) land exchange, (ii) labor exchange, (iii) tool and fertilizer exchange, (iv) credit exchange, (v) matrimonial relationships and (vi) kinship relationships. A variety of measures gleaned from the Social Network Analysis (SNA) literature are used to study how features of the networks at different levels of disaggregation are related to various aspects of economic development. In particular, I focus on the role of ethnic fragmentation and income inequality. Analyzing the network macrostructure I find that village-level income inequality plays a role in increasing interactions, while a measure of ethnic fragmentation is only related to land exchange. At a more disaggregated level, household's centrality seems to be determined by traditional roles and other characteristics, including ethnicity and, to a lesser extent, relative income in the village. At the dyadic level, traditional roles, family ties and dierences in endowments are better predictors of link formation than income and ethnicity.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaimovich, Dany, 2011. "Macrostructure and microstructure: Evidence from overlapping village networks in The Gambia," MPRA Paper 38932, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38932
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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Missing links, missing markets: The transformation process of rural societies
      by Dany Jaimovich - Bakary Baludin in Development Therapy on 2012-10-31 22:28:00
    2. Enlaces perdidos - mercados inexistentes: El proceso de transformación de las economías rurales
      by Dany Jaimovich - Bakary Baludin in Development Therapy on 2012-11-20 04:56:00
    3. Papers using the Gambia Networks Data 2009
      by Dany Jaimovich - Bakary Baludin in Development Therapy on 2015-04-21 19:27:00

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:wdevel:v:99:y:2017:i:c:p:122-140 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jaimovich, Dany, 2013. "Missing links, missing markets: Internal exchanges, reciprocity and external connections in the economic networks of Gambian villages," MPRA Paper 44080, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Perkins, Jessica M. & Subramanian, S.V. & Christakis, Nicholas A., 2015. "Social networks and health: A systematic review of sociocentric network studies in low- and middle-income countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 60-78.
    4. Jaimovich, Dany, 2015. "Missing Links, Missing Markets: Evidence of the Transformation Process in the Economic Networks of Gambian Villages," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 645-664.
    5. Arcand, Jean-Louis & Jaimovich, Dany, 2014. "Does ethnic diversity decrease economic interactions? Evidence from exchange networks in rural Gambia," MPRA Paper 60497, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Beck, Ulrik & Bjerge, Benedikte & Fafchamps, Marcel, 2015. "Social Ties and the Efficiency of Factor Transfers," CEPR Discussion Papers 10957, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    West Africa; Social Networks; Ethnic Fragmentation; In- come Inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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