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African Development: Beyond Income Convergence

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  • Simplice A, Asongu

Abstract

In examining some big questions on African development, we provide evidence that dynamics of some development indicators could support both endogenous and neoclassical growth theories in the convergence debate. This paper investigates convergence in real per capita GDP and inequality adjusted human development in African countries, disaggregated into 11 homogenous panels based on regions(Sub-Saharan and North Africa), income-levels(low, middle, lower-middle and upper-middle), legal-origins(English common-law and French civil-law) and religious dominations(Christianity and Islam). Findings reveal, while human development supports the exogenous growth model and rejects the endogenous theory, its income component suggests the contrary. As a policy implication, looking beyond income convergence can provide a concrete agenda for development involving all aspects of economic, institutional and social life. Also, the income component of the human development index moves slower than others in the convergence process and thus requires a more focused policy intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • Simplice A, Asongu, 2012. "African Development: Beyond Income Convergence," MPRA Paper 36054, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36054
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Human development; Growth; Convergence; Panel; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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