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Exports and labor income by gender: a social accounting matrix analysis for Senegal

  • Fofana, Ismael
  • Parra, Juan Carlos
  • Wodon, Quentin

Higher incomes for women can have significant beneficial impacts for poverty reduction both in the short run by providing more resources to households and in the long run by increasing investments in the human capital of children. While substantial research has been done using microeconomic household survey data on gender disparities in labor incomes in developing countries, these studies may not necessarily provide insights on how broad structural shifts in an economy could affect differently opportunities for work and income generation for men and women. In this paper, we use a recent Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Senegal to assess how growth in various sectors of the economy, and especially in exports from tourism, could affect the incomes of women and men both directly and indirectly through multiplier effects. We find that a tourism export boom could lead to increase not only in the level of income of Senegalese women, but also in their share of total labor income in the economy.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 28473.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:28473
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  1. Weichselbaumer, Doris & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2003. "A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap," CEPR Discussion Papers 4127, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521117562 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Pyatt, F Graham & Round, Jeffery I, 1979. "Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 850-73, December.
  4. Thorbecke, Erik & Jung, Hong-Sang, 1996. "A multiplier decomposition method to analyze poverty alleviation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 279-300, March.
  5. Defourny, Jacques & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(373), pages 111-36, March.
  6. Simon Appleton & John Hoddinott & Pramila Krishnan, 1996. "The gender wage gap in three African countries," CSAE Working Paper Series 1996-07, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  7. Nganou, Jean-Pascal & Parra, Juan Carlos & Wodon, Quentin, 2009. "Oil price shocks, poverty, and gender: a social accouting matrix analysis for Kenya," MPRA Paper 28471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Blackden, Mark & Wodon, Quentin, 2006. "Gender, Time Use, and Poverty: Introduction," MPRA Paper 11080, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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