Estimation of Wheat Yield Response under different Economic, Location and Climatic Conditions in Punjab
The knowledge of supply response greatly helps in farm decisions in allocation of resources in right direction. It can help planners and policy makers to allocate and achieve production targets and in long term planning. It thus provides a framework for adjusting production to the optimum resource employment to promote economic development. The study of supply response at disaggregated level is imperative as responses may be different for different agro-ecological zones of Pakistan. Therefore, the concern of this thesis was to examine the impact of different factors on the supply of agricultural commodities in different agro-ecological zones in Punjab in order to make necessary adjustments in the policy reforms. This study was carried out to estimate the wheat yield response function. The explanatory variables were economic, location and climatic variables. The proxy variable for economic variable was input change, for location variable it was area change and for climatic variables these were temperature and rainfall. Time trend variable was used to capture the affect of technological advances and improved farm management practices. Time series data on these variables was collected from secondary sources for the period 1979-2009. Mixed and cotton-wheat zone of Punjab were selected for the analysis and Faisalabad and Bahawalpur were selected from the above two zones respectively, mainly because of their major share in production of wheat. Dummy variable test and F-test results showed that data pooling was appropriate, so data from the two districts was pooled and used as a single entity. Then method of Ordinary Least Square was used to draw the wheat yield response function. The effect of climatic variables was found significantly higher than that of non-climatic variables i.e., economic and location variables. The largest impact was of mean maximum average temperature at the time of maturity, ceteris paribus with one oC in its increase the average wheat yield increases by 1.4 mounds per hectare. It was concluded from the economic variable results that the level of input use was less than optimum. The location variables suggest that increasing the area virtually decreases the yield. Vertical expansion was found to be the solution of Pakistan’s growing food security needs. Horizontal expansion will result in further decline in the productivity of wheat. The recommendations from this research study were that there should be timely availability of inputs, provision of adequate finance to ensure optimal input use and creating awareness among farming community about the benefits from using recommended package of inputs. There will be growing need of developing new wheat varieties which should be more adaptable to changing climatic conditions.
|Date of creation:||30 Sep 2010|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany|
Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- You, Liangzhi & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Fang, Cheng & Wood, Stanley, 2005. "Impact of global warming on Chinese wheat productivity:," EPTD discussion papers 143, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- David J. Pannell, 2006.
"Flat Earth Economics: The Far-reaching Consequences of Flat Payoff Functions in Economic Decision Making,"
Review of Agricultural Economics,
Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 28(4), pages 553-566.
- David J. Pannell, 2006. "Flat Earth Economics: The Far-reaching Consequences of Flat Payoff Functions in Economic Decision Making," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 28(4), pages 553-566.
- Carew, Richard & Smith, Elwin G. & Grant, Cynthia, 2009. "Factors Influencing Wheat Yield and Variability: Evidence from Manitoba, Canada," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 41(03), December.
- Marian Weber & Grant Hauer, 2003. "A Regional Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Canadian Agriculture," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 29(2), pages 163-179, June.
- Robert K. Kaufmann & Seth E. Snell, 1997. "A Biophysical Model of Corn Yield: Integrating Climatic and Social Determinants," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(1), pages 178-190.
- Carew, Richard & Smith, Elwin G. & Grant, Cynthia, 2009. "Factors Influencing Wheat Yield and Variability: Evidence from Manitoba, Canada," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 41(03), pages 625-639, December.
- Mushtaq, Khalid & Dawson, P.J., 2003. "Yield Response In Pakistan Agriculture: A Cointegration Approach," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25931, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Griffiths, William & Thomson, Graeme & Coelli, Tim, 1995. "Predicting Output From Seemingly Unrelated Area And Yield Equations," 1995 Conference (39th), February 14-16, 1995, Perth, Australia 170821, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
- Griffiths, William E. & Thomson, Graeme & Coelli, Tim J., 1999. "Predicting Output From Seemingly Unrelated Area And Yield Equations," Working Papers 12945, University of New England, School of Economics.
- Mamingi, Nlandu, 1996. "Aggregation over time, error correction models and Granger causality: A Monte Carlo investigation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 7-14, July.
- Choi, Jung-Sup & Helmberger, Peter G., 1993. "How Sensitive Are Crop Yields To Price Changes And Farm Programs?," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(01), July.
- Choi, Jung-Sup & Helmberger, Peter G., 1993. "How Sensitive are Crop Yields to Price Changes and Farm Programs?," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(01), pages 237-244, July.
- M. Ghaffar Chaudhry & A.R. Kemal, 1974. "Wheat Production Under Alternative Production Functions," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 222-226.
- Dixon, Bruce L. & Hollinger, Steven E. & Garcia, Philip & Tirupattur, Viswanath, 1994. "Estimating Corn Yield Response Models To Predict Impacts Of Climate Change," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(01), July. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26503. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.