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Financial Development and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from Egypt

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  • Abu-Bader, Suleiman
  • Abu-Qarn, Aamer

Abstract

This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in Egypt during the period 1960-2001 within a trivariate VAR setting. We employ four different measures of financial development and apply Granger causality tests using the cointegration and vector error correction methodology. Our results significantly support the view that financial development Granger-causes economic growth either through increasing investment efficiency or through increasing resources for investment. This finding suggests that the financial reforms launched in 1990 can explain the rebound in economic performance since then and that further deepening of the financial sector is an important instrument to stimulate saving/investment and therefore long-term economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Abu-Bader, Suleiman & Abu-Qarn, Aamer, 2005. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from Egypt," MPRA Paper 1113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1113
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    Cited by:

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    3. Rebecca Attah-Annor & Alhassan Bunyaminu, 2016. "Effect of Stock Market Dynamics on Economic Growth: Evidence from Ghana Stock Exchange," International Journal of Financial Markets, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 2(3), pages 69-93.
    4. Verhoef, Grietjie & Greyling, Lorraine & Mwamba, John, 2013. "SAVINGS and economic growth: a historical analysis of the relationship between savings and economic growth in the CAPE Colony economy, 1850-1909," MPRA Paper 47819, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Jun 2013.
    5. Nevine Mokhtar Eid, 2008. "Financial Development: A Pre-Condition for Foreign Direct Spillover Effects in Egypt," Working Papers 12, The German University in Cairo, Faculty of Management Technology.
    6. repec:kap:iaecre:v:14:y:2008:i:4:p:422-432 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Stati Statev, 2009. "The Interaction between the Banking System and the Real Economy (Part One: Theory and Methodology)," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 7, pages 38-66.
    8. Anthony Enisan Akinlo & Tajudeen Egbetunde, 2010. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Experience of 10 Sub-Saharan African Countries Revisited," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 2(1), pages 017-028, June.
    9. Mina Baliamoune-Lutz, 2008. "Financial Development and Income in North Africa," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 14(4), pages 422-432, November.
    10. Stati Statev, 2009. "The Interaction between the Banking System and the Real Economy (Part One: Theory and Methodology)," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 3-28.
    11. Oludele Akinloye Akinboade & Emilie Chanceline Kinfack, 2013. "Interest rate reforms, financial deepening and economic growth in Cameroon: an empirical investigation," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(25), pages 3574-3586, September.
    12. Nevine Eid, 2006. "FDI-Growth Relationship: Is Financial Deepening a Pre-condition," EcoMod2006 272100023, EcoMod.
    13. Anthony Orji & Jonathan E. Ogbuabor & Onyinye I. Anthony-Orji, 2015. "Financial Liberalization and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Empirical Evidence," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 663-672.
    14. Aniekan Okon Akpansung & Shall Erinus Waziri, 2018. "Has Financial Liberalisation Promoted Economic Growth in Nigeria? Evidence from Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 8(2), pages 172-188, February.
    15. Aikaeli, Jehovaness & Mbellenge, Costantine Richard, 2016. "The Causal Relationship between Financial Development and Economic Performance in Tanzania," African Journal of Economic Review, African Journal of Economic Review, vol. 4(1), January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial development; Economic growth; Egypt; Granger causality; Error-correction models; Cointegration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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