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Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Experience of 10 Sub-Saharan African Countries Revisited

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  • Anthony Enisan Akinlo

    (Academia de Studii Economice / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori)

  • Tajudeen Egbetunde

    (Academia de Studii Economice / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori)

Abstract

The paper examines the long run and causal relationship between financial development and economic growth for ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Using the vector error correction model (VECM), the study finds that financial development is cointegrated with economic growth in the selected ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa. That is there is a long run relationship between financial development and economic growth in the selected sub-Saharan African countries. The results show that financial development Granger causes economic growth in Central African Republic, Congo Republic, Gabon, and Nigeria while economic growth Granger causes financial development in Zambia. However, bidirectional relationship between financial development and economic growth was found in Kenya, Chad, South Africa, Sierra Leone and Swaziland. The results show the need to develop the financial sector through appropriate regulatory and macroeconomic policies. However, in Zambia emphasis needs to be placed on economic growth to propel financial development.

Suggested Citation

  • Anthony Enisan Akinlo & Tajudeen Egbetunde, 2010. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Experience of 10 Sub-Saharan African Countries Revisited," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 2(1), pages 017-028, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfb:journl:v:02:y:2010:i:1:p:017-028
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Suleiman Abu-Bader & Aamer S. Abu-Qarn, 2008. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Six MENA Countries," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(4), pages 803-817, November.
    2. Arestis, Philip & Demetriades, Panicos O & Luintel, Kul B, 2001. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Role of Stock Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(1), pages 16-41, February.
    3. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Ross Levine, 2008. "Finance, Financial Sector Policies, and Long-Run Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 28021.
    4. Abu-Bader, Suleiman & Abu-Qarn, Aamer, 2005. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from Egypt," MPRA Paper 1113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Loayza,Norman V. & Ouazad,Amine & Ranciere,Romain, 2017. "Financial development, growth, and crisis: is there a trade-off ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 8237, The World Bank.
    2. repec:rss:jnljfe:v1i4p2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Sanjaya Kumar LENKA, 2015. "Does Financial Development Influence Economic Growth in India?," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(4(605), W), pages 159-170, Winter.
    4. Andrew Phiri, 2015. "Asymmetric cointegration and causality effects between financial development and economic growth in South Africa," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(4), pages 464-484, October.
    5. repec:eco:journ1:2018-02-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Samson E. Edo, 2012. "Performance of Liabilities Accruing from Liberalization of the Banking Sector in Nigeria," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 4(2), pages 135-146, December.
    7. Nyasha, Sheilla & Gwenhure, Yvonne & Odhiambo, Nicholas M., 2017. "The Dynamic Causal Linkage Between Financial Development And Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence From Ethiopia," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 70(1), pages 73-102.
    8. repec:rss:jnljee:v4i5p3 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Kamal, Mona, 2013. "Financial Development and Economic Growth in Egypt: A Re-investigation," MPRA Paper 48564, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Wajahat Ali & Azrai Abdullah & Muhammad Azam, 2016. "The Dynamic Linkage between Technological Innovation and carbon dioxide emissions in Malaysia: An Autoregressive Distributed Lagged Bound Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 389-400.
    11. Zhang, Yu Yvette & Boadu, Frederick O., 2012. "Stock Exchange Development and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124608, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    12. Nyasha, Sheilla & Gwenhure, Yvonne & Odhiambo, Nicholas M, 2016. "Financial development and economic growth in Ethiopia: A dynamic causal linkage," Working Papers 20160, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    13. Zahir, Faathih & Masih, Mansur, 2018. "Is the lead-lag relationship between financial development and economic growth symmetric ? new evidence from Bangladesh based on ARDL ad NARDL," MPRA Paper 87577, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Yabibal M. Walle, 2014. "Revisiting the Finance–Growth Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa: Results from Error Correction-based Panel Cointegration Tests," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 26(2), pages 310-321, June.
    15. Nyasha, Sheilla & Odhiambo, Nicholas M., 2016. "Financial intermediaries, capital markets, and economic growth: empirical evidence from six countries," Working Papers 19908, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    16. Alimi, R. Santos, 2015. "Financial deepening and economic growth: A System GMM Panel Analysis with application to 7 SSA countries," MPRA Paper 65789, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Effiong, Ekpeno, 2015. "Financial Development, Institutions and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 66085, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Abdoul' Ganiou Mijiyawa, 2013. "Africa's Recent Economic Growth: What Are the Contributing Factors?," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 25(3), pages 289-302, September.
    19. repec:rss:jnljee:v4i5p1 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:agr:journl:v:4(605):y:2015:i:4(605):p:159-170 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Akinci, Gönül Yüce & Akinci, Merter & Yilmaz, Ömer, 2014. "Financial Development-Economic Growth Nexus : A Panel Data Analysis Upon Oecd Countries," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 55(1), pages 33-50, June.

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