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Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus:Time Series Evidence from Middle Eastern and North African Countries

Author

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  • Suleiman Abu-Bader

    () (BGU)

  • Aamer S. Abu-Qarn

    () (BGU)

Abstract

This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in five Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries for different periods ranging from 1960 to 2004, within a trivariate vector autoregressive (VAR) framework. We employ four different measures of financial development and apply Granger causality tests using the cointegration and vector error-correction (VEC) methodology. Our empirical results show weak support for a long-run relationship between financial development and economic growth, and for the hypothesis that finance leads growth. In cases where cointegration was detected, Granger causality was either bidirectional or it ran from output to financial development. Our results also clearly demonstrate that causality patterns vary across countries and financial measures and, therefore, highlight the danger of statistical inference based on cross-section studies or using a financial measure that does not capture the different mechanisms through which.

Suggested Citation

  • Suleiman Abu-Bader & Aamer S. Abu-Qarn, 2006. "Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus:Time Series Evidence from Middle Eastern and North African Countries," Working Papers 0609, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bgu:wpaper:0609
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rajmund MIRDALA, 2012. "Financial Deepening And Economic Growth In The European Transition Economies," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 6(6(18)/ Su), pages 177-194.
    2. Hamdi, Helmi & Hakimi, Abdelaziz, 2015. "Did banks and financial markets developments lead to economic growth in MENA region? Evidence from Dynamic panel data estimation," MPRA Paper 64310, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Abdulkadir Abdulrashid Rafindadi & Almustapha A Aliyu, 2017. "Growing the Growth of the Ghanaian Economy: Is the Function of the Countrys Financial Development of Any Significance?," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 7(2), pages 206-221, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial development; Economic growth; MENA; Granger causality; Errorcorrection models; Cointegration.;

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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