IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pie/dsedps/2009-91.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Endogenous fertility, endogenous lifetime and economic growth: the role of health and child policies

Author

Listed:
  • Luciano Fanti
  • Luca Gori

Abstract

In this paper we link endogenous fertility, endogenous longevity, economic growth and public policies – represented by public health investments and child policies – in a basic overlapping generations model. We found that there even exist four equilibria, and thus low and high development regimes, which may be, however, determined by government policies, and concluded that when fertility is endogenous, increasing public health is always beneficial allowing economies to escape from poverty and, hence, to prosper. The same conclusion holds for the child tax policy. In particular, the latter result may be in accord with, for instance, the tremendous development experienced by China where a restrictive one child per family policy forced by the government planned and restricted the size of Chinese families, probably allowing some geographic areas within China to escape from poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2009. "Endogenous fertility, endogenous lifetime and economic growth: the role of health and child policies," Discussion Papers 2009/91, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:pie:dsedps:2009/91
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ec.unipi.it/documents/Ricerca/papers/2009-91.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Akos Dombi, 2006. "Scale Effects in Idea-Based Growth Models: a Critical Survey," Discussion Papers 2006/60, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    2. Luciano Fanti & Piero Manfredi, 2003. "Progressive Income Taxation and Economic Cycles: a Multiplier-Accelerator Model," Discussion Papers 2003/11, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Manuela Gussoni - Andrea Mangani, 2009. "The impact of public funding for innovation on firms' R&D investments: Do R&D cooperation and appropriability matter?," Discussion Papers 2009/90, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    4. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2012. "PAYG Pensions and Economic Cycles," Public Finance Review, , vol. 40(2), pages 240-269, March.
    5. Tommaso Luzzati, 2008. "Leggere Karl William Kapp per una visione unitaria di economia, societa' e ambiente," Discussion Papers 2005/56, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    6. Alga Foschi, "undated". "The maritime container transport structure in the mediterranean and italy," Discussion Papers 2003/24, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    7. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2008. "‘Backyard’ technology and regulated wages in a neoclassical OLG growth model," Discussion Papers 2008/74, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    8. Andrea Mario Lavezzi, "undated". "Complex Dynamics in a Simple Model of Economic Specialization," Discussion Papers 2003/2, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    9. Mario Morroni, 2006. "Innovative activity, substantive uncertainty and the theory of the firm," ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2006(3), pages 47-75.
    10. Andrea Mario Lavezzi & Nicola Meccheri, 2011. "Transitions Out Of Unemployment: The Role Of Social Networks' Topology And Firms' Recruitment Strategies," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(1), pages 24-52, February.
    11. Luciano Fanti & Piero Manfredi, 2003. "Neo-classical labour market dynamics, chaos and the Phillips curve," Discussion Papers 2003/21, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    12. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2011. "On economic growth and minimum wages," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 103(1), pages 59-82, May.
    13. Davide Fiaschi, 2003. "Fiscal policy and welfare in an endogenous growth model with heterogeneous endowments," Discussion Papers 2003/18, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    14. Luciano Fanti, 2003. "Notes on Keynesian models of recession and depression," Discussion Papers 2003/19, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    15. Carlo Brambilla & Giandomenico Piluso, 2008. "Italian investment and merchant banking up to 1914: Hybridising international models and practices," Discussion Papers 2008/7, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    16. Tommaso Luzzati & Alessandro Franco, 2004. "Idrogeno, fonti rinnovabili ed eco-efficienza. Quale approccio alla questione energetica?," Discussion Papers 2004/45, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    17. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2009. "Longevity, fertility and PAYG pension systems sustainability," Discussion Papers 2009/77, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    18. Luciano Fanti & Luca Spataro, 2008. "Poverty traps and intergenerational transfers," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 15(6), pages 693-711, December.
    19. Lorenzo Corsini & Marco Guerrazzi, 2004. "Searching for Long Run Equilibrium Relationships in the Italian Labour Market: a Cointegrated VAR Approach," Discussion Papers 2004/43, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    20. Fiaschi, Davide & Marsili, Matteo, 2012. "Distribution of wealth and incomplete markets: Theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 243-267.
    21. Fabrizio Bulckaen & Marco Stampini, 2004. "Commodity Tax Reforms In A Many Consumers Economy: A Viable Decision-Making Procedure," Discussion Papers 2004/44, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    22. Davide Fiaschi & Andrea Mario Lavezzi, "undated". "On the Determinants of Growth Volatility: a Nonparametric Approach," Discussion Papers 2003/25, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    23. Luciano Fanti, 2003. "The growth cycle and labour contract length," Discussion Papers 2003/17, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    24. Luciano fanti & Luca Spataro, 2004. "Dynamic inefficiency, public debt and endogenous fertility," Discussion Papers 2004/38, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    25. Fanti, Luciano & Gori, Luca, 2010. "Child policy solutions for the unemployment problem," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 147-149, December.
    26. Fiaschi, Davide & Lavezzi, Andrea Mario, 2007. "Nonlinear economic growth: Some theory and cross-country evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 271-290, September.
    27. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2008. "Neoclassical Economic Growth and Lifetime Welfare in a Simple OLG Model with Unions," Discussion Papers 2008/71, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    28. Luciano Fanti & Luca Spataro, 2007. "Economic Growth and Welfare in a Simple Neoclassical OLG Model with Minimum Wage and Consumption Taxes support," Discussion Papers 2007/67, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    29. Alga Foschi, 2004. "Politiques communautaires de soutien au short sea shipping (SSS)," Discussion Papers 2004/48, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    30. Floridi M., Pagni S., Falorni S. e Luzzati T., 2009. "Una valutazione di sostenibilità delle Regioni Italiane," Discussion Papers 2009/88, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    31. Carlo Casarosa & Luca Spataro, 2005. "Propensione aggregata al risparmio, rapporto ricchezza-reddito e distribuzione della ricchezza nel modello del ciclo di vita "egualitario": il ruolo delle variabili demografiche," Discussion Papers 2005/51, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    32. Lorenzo Corsini & Elisabetta Olivieri, 2008. "Technological Change and the Wage Differential between Skilled and Unskilled Workers: Evidence from Italy," Discussion Papers 2008/73, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    33. Davide Fiaschi, 2009. "Natural Resources, Social Conflict and Poverty Trap," Discussion Papers 2009/82, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    34. Alga Foschi, 2004. "The coast port industry in the USA: a key factor in the process of economic growth," Discussion Papers 2004/46, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    35. Luca Gori, 2009. "Endogenous fertility, family policy and multiple equilibria," Discussion Papers 2009/79, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    36. Giuseppe Freni & Fausto Gozzi & Neri Salvadori, 2006. "Existence of optimal strategies in linear multisector models," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 29(1), pages 25-48, September.
    37. Nicola Meccheri, 2007. "Wage behaviour and unemployment in Keynes' and New Keynesians' views: A comparison," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(4), pages 701-724.
    38. Luca Spataro, "undated". "Social Security And Retirement Decisions In Italy," Discussion Papers 2003/1, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    39. Alga D. Foschi, 2006. "La concentrazione industriale per i sistemi di trasporto sostenibile," Discussion Papers 2006/64, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    40. Alga Foschi, 2005. "Lo shipping, la cantieristica ed i porti nellindustria marittima," Discussion Papers 2005/53, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    41. Lorenzo Corsini, 2006. "Firms' Entry, Imperfect Competition and Regulation," Discussion Papers 2006/57, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    42. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2008. "Fertility and regulated wages in an OLG model of neoclassical growth: Pensions and old age support," Discussion Papers 2008/70, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    43. Luciano fanti, 2004. "Neo-classical labour market dynamics and uniform expectations: chaos and the resurrection of the Phillips Curve," Discussion Papers 2004/34, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    44. Luciano Fanti, 2003. "Fiscal policy and tax collection lags: stability, cycles and chaos," Discussion Papers 2003/15, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    45. Gaetano Alfredo Minerva, 2004. "How Do Cost (or Demand) Asymmetries and Competitive Pressure Shape Trade Patterns and Location?," Discussion Papers 2004/40, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    46. Tamara Fioroni, 2006. "Life Expectancy, Health Spending and Saving," Discussion Papers 2006/62, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    47. Luciano fanti & Luca Spataro, 2004. "Welfare implications of national debt in a OLG model with endogenous fertility," Discussion Papers 2004/35, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    48. Alga D. Foschi & Xavier Peraldi & Michel Rombaldi, 2005. "Inter-island Links in Mediterranean Short Sea Shipping Networks," Discussion Papers 2005/52, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    49. Nicola Meccheri, 2003. "Performance-related-pay nel pubblico impiego: un'analisi economica," Discussion Papers 2003/3, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    50. Piero Manfredi & Luciano Fanti, 2004. "Age distribution and age heterogeneities in economic profiles as sources of conflict between efficiency and equity in the Solow-Stiglitz framework," Discussion Papers 2004/37, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    51. Davide Fiaschi & Pier Mario Pacini, 2003. "Growth and coalition formation," Discussion Papers 2003/13, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    52. Meccheri, Nicola, 2009. "A note on noncompetes, bargaining and training by firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(3), pages 198-200, March.
    53. Alga Foschi, 2004. "A cost-transit time choice model: monomodality vs. intermodality," Discussion Papers 2004/47, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    54. Manfredi, Piero & Fanti, Luciano, 2004. "Cycles in dynamic economic modelling," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 573-594, May.
    55. Mario Morroni, 2006. "Complementarities among capability, transaction and scale-scope considerations in determining organisational boundaries," Discussion Papers 2006/58, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    56. Luca Spataro & Luciano Fanti, 2011. "The Optimal Level of Debt in an OLG Model with Endogenous Fertility," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(3), pages 351-369, August.
    57. Luciano Fanti & Luca Spataro, 2004. "Endogenous labor supply and Diamond's (1965) model: a reconsideration of the debt role," Discussion Papers 2003/22, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    58. Marco Guerrazzi, 2005. "Notes on Continuous Dynamic Models: the Benhabib-Farmer Condition for Indeterminacy," Discussion Papers 2005/54, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2012. "Endogenous Lifetime in an Overlapping-Generations Small Open Economy," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 68(2), pages 121-152, June.
    2. Fanti, Luciano & Gori, Luca, 2009. "A two-sector OLG economy: economic growth and demographic behaviour," MPRA Paper 18869, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Fanti, Luciano & Gori, Luca, 2010. "Public expenditure on health and private old-age insurance in an OLG growth model with endogenous fertility: chaotic cycles under perfect foresight," MPRA Paper 23697, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child policy; Endogenous fertility; Health; Life expectancy; OLG model.;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pie:dsedps:2009/91. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/dspisit.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.