Inter-island Links in Mediterranean Short Sea Shipping Networks
- The paper deals with maritime transport systems between the European islands and the continental mainland according to the concepts of Short Sea Shipping, SSS, and Sea Motorways, SM, in Europe. - It is pointed out that the European Commission explicitly took these connections into consideration at the beginning of the 1990s in the Maastricht Treaty and in 2003 on the occasion of expansion of TEN T (Trans European Networks Transport). - However, it is also noted that during implementation of procedures concerning choice of ports of origin and destination in the SM context - a phase necessary to obtain public start-up funding there is a strong requirement for SM to be credible substitutes with terrestrial motorways. This automatically excludes the islands from the main transport circuits, thereby also contravening the cohesion principle which is the basis for European economic policy, including transport policy. - This paper presents two case studies on the possibility of incorporating Western Mediterranean inter-island maritime connections into Mediterranean road and SM networks.
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