Social Security And Retirement Decisions In Italy
In this work I investigate the responsiveness of Italian workers to the early retirement incentives provided by the Social Security (SS) and try to shed light on the nature of the puzzling age-60-spike in the retirement hazards. The empirical analysis carried out on a sample drawn from the panel of the Bank of Italy Survey on Householdsâ€™ Income and Wealth (SHIW) shows that SS has very much to do with the high early exits rates from labor-force experienced by Italy during the last decade; yet, not all the SS incentive measures analyzed turn out to really matter to individuals: for example, the Replacement Ratio appears to fit the data fairly better than the Social Security Wealth, while both â€œone-yearâ€ and â€œlifetimeâ€ dynamic incentive measures fall short in explaining retirement behavior; in fact only two of the latter forward-looking parameters come out to significantly affect the probability of retiring. According to the estimations binding eligibility constraints are only partly responsible for the empirical age-60-spike of retirement hazards: in fact evidence of significant unexplained factors (possibly â€œsocial rules or â€œrules of thumbâ€) is provided. Finally, I find evidence of spouses coordination and relevant family composition effects among Public Sector employees, while the achievement of adequate income and wealth levels appear to significantly delay the age of retirement of Private Sector workers.
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- Luca Spataro, 2000. "Le scelte di pensionamento in Italia: un'applicazione (ed estensione) del modello Option Value," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2000(72).
- Luca Spataro, 2002.
"New Tools in Micromodeling Retirement Decisions: Overview and Applications to the Italian Case,"
Computing in Economics and Finance 2002
109, Society for Computational Economics.
- Luca Spataro, 2002. "New Tools in Micromodeling Retirement Decisions: Overview and Applications to the Italian Case," CeRP Working Papers 28, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
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- Agar Brugiavini & Franco Peracchi, 2004. "Micro-Modeling of Retirement Behavior in Italy," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation, pages 345-398 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sewin Chan & Ann Huff Stevens, 2001. "Retirement Incentives and Expectations," NBER Working Papers 8082, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Samwick, Andrew A., 1998.
"New evidence on pensions, social security, and the timing of retirement,"
Journal of Public Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 207-236, November.
- Andrew A. Samwick, 1998. "New Evidence on Pensions, Social Security, and the Timing of Retirement," NBER Working Papers 6534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jenkins, Stephen P, 1995. "Easy Estimation Methods for Discrete-Time Duration Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 129-38, February.
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