Poverty traps and intergenerational transfers
In this paper, by adopting an OLG neoclassical growth model we show that intergenerational transfers may trigger the take off of an economy entrapped into poverty in a twofold way: 1) by eliminating the zero equilibrium -which, under technology with low factor substitutability, is always a "catching" point- so that the economy might start converging to a positive equilibrium. In this case the appropriate instrument turns out to be a transfer from the old to the young, while there is no room for policies redistributing in the opposite direction (i.e. a pay-as you-go-pension scheme); 2) when the rich equilibrium is unstable -which can be the case under high intertemporal substitution of individuals- the introduction of transfers may stabilize such an equilibrium, so that the economy starts converging to it. In the latter case both policy programs such as pay-as-you-go pension schemes or subsidies to the young may help escaping from poverty. However, we point out that in either circumstances, the "size" of transfers should be sufficiently large (and, as for pensions not even too large), in order to avoid ineffective and useless burden on the taxpayers without triggering the take off.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Galor, Oded, 1996.
"Convergence? Inferences from Theoretical Models,"
Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1056-69, July.
- Hoff, Karla & Sen, Arijit, 2005. "The kin system as a poverty trap?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3575, The World Bank.
- Robert E. Hall, 1981.
"Intertemporal Substitution in Consumption,"
NBER Working Papers
0720, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Azariadis, Costas, 1996.
"The Economics of Poverty Traps: Part One: Complete Markets,"
Journal of Economic Growth,
Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 449-96, December.
- Costas Azariadis, 1996. "The Economics of Poverty Traps Part One: Complete Markets," Working Papers 9606, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.
- de la Croix,David & Michel,Philippe, 2002.
"A Theory of Economic Growth,"
Cambridge University Press, number 9780521001151, November.
- Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
- A. Prskawetz & G. Steinmann & G. Feichtinger, 2000. "Human capital, technological progress and the demographic transition," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(4), pages 343-363.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:15:y:2008:i:6:p:693-711. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla)or (Rebekah McClure)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.