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Modelling Gender Dimensions of the Impact of Economic Reforms on Time Allocation among Market Work,Household Work, and Leisure

  • Rizwana Siddiqui

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

Considering the existing system of gender inequality in Pakistan, the paper uses a SAM-based Computable General Equilibrium model to analyse gender dimensions of the impact of economic reforms on time allocation among different activities; market, household, and leisure. For this purpose, it develops a Gendered Social Accounting Matrix (GSAM), with market and household economies and disaggregated variables by gender. On the basis of the GSAM, the Gendered Computable General Equilibrium Model (GCGE) is developed. The Model is used to simulate the impact of economic reforms: trade liberalisation through tariff reduction in the absence/presence of compensatory measures, and fiscal measures such as reduction in fiscal deficit through (1) increased government revenue, (2) reduction in government expenditure, and reduction in subsidies. The results of the study indicate that trade liberalisation in the absence as well as in the presence of compensatory measures increase female paid employment. While fiscal adjustment reduces female paid employment, the rise in demand for female labour in the market leads to a drop in female leisure time, as household work does not change significantly. In exercises with fiscal adjustment, female paid employment drops but household work rises, as households substitute household-produced goods for market goods

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File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/Research/Report185.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2004
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Paper provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its series PIDE-Working Papers with number 2004:185.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pid:wpaper:2004:185
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  1. Rizwana Siddiqui & A. R. Kemal, 2006. "Remittances, Trade Liberalisation, and Poverty in Pakistan : The Role of Excluded Variables in Poverty Change Analysis," Development Economics Working Papers 22224, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  2. Rizwana Siddiqui & A. R. Kemal, 2006. "Poverty-reducing or Poverty-inducing? A CGE-based Analysis of Foreign Capital Inflows in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 2006:2, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  3. Siddiqui, Rizwana & Iqbal, Zafar, 1999. "Salient features of social accounting matrix of Pakistan for 1989-90: Disaggregation of the households sector," MPRA Paper 4454, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Rizwana Siddiqui & Abdul Razzaq Kemal & Rehana Siddiqui & Ali Kemal, 2008. "Tariff Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment and Poverty in Pakistan: a CGE-Based Analysis," Working Papers MPIA 2008-17, PEP-MPIA.
  5. John Cockburn, 2004. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Nepal A Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis," Development and Comp Systems 0409012, EconWPA.
  6. Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999. "Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework," Cahiers de recherche 9909, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  7. White, Howard & Masset, Edoardo, 2002. "Child poverty in Vietnam: using adult equivalence scales to estimate income-poverty for different age groups," MPRA Paper 777, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Hina Nazli & Shahnaz Hamid, 1999. "Concerns of Food Security, Role of Gender, and Intrahousehold Dynamics in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 1999:175, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  9. Rehana Siddiqui & Rizwana Siddiqui, 1998. "A Decomposition of Male-Female Earnings Differentials," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 885-898.
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