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Politiques commerciales, intégration régionale, pauvreté et distribution de revenus au Sénégal/Trade Policies, Regional Integration, Poverty and Income Distribution in Senegal

Listed author(s):
  • Abdoulaye Diagne
  • François Joseph Cabral
  • Fatou Cisse
  • Mamadou Dansokho
  • Samba Ba

Dans le cadre de l'intégration économique sous-régionale conduite par l'UÉMOA, le Sénégal a adopté depuis janvier 2002 l'instauration d'un tarif extérieur commun (TEC) et l'harmonisation de la fiscalité. Ces mesures ont fortement réduit la protection de son économie (baisse de 50% des droits de douane) et renforcé sa fiscalité intérieure. Ces réformes commerciales provoquent d'importants effets d'équilibre général. Nous évaluons dans ce papier, l'impact de scénario de libéralisation des échanges au Sénégal sur le bien-être des ménages ruraux et urbains. Il ressort des résultats que dans la mise en oeuvre du TEC, le Gouvernement a davantage privilégié l'amélioration des finances publiques par rapport aux effets négatifs qu'aurait une plus forte TVA sur la répartition des revenus et le bien-être des ménages. Cet arbitrage s'inscrit ainsi dans la tradition des politiques de stabilisation et d'ajustement interne qui ont toujours été marquées par la primauté de la restauration des finances publiques sur l'amélioration de la compétitivité et la relance de la croissance économique / Since January 2002, within the framework of the sub-regional economic integration process of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Senegal has adopted a Common External Tariff (CET) and harmonization of the tax system. These measures have considerably reduced the protection of its economy (50% reduction in customs duties) and consolidated its domestic tax system. This paper assesses, using a computable general equilibrium model, the impact on the well-being of both rural and urban households of trade liberalization scenarios in Senegal. Results show that Government has given more priority to fiscal consolidation than to the potential negative effects of a higher VAT on income distribution and the well-being of households. This arbitration is line with the spirit of local stabilization and ajdustment policies, which have always been characterized by primacy of fiscal rehabilitation over improvements in the competitiveness of the economy.

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Paper provided by PEP-MPIA in its series Working Papers MPIA with number 2007-15.

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Date of creation: 2007
Handle: RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2007-15
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  1. Dissou, Yazid, 2002. "Dynamic Effects in Senegal of the Regional Trade Agreement among UEMOA Countries," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 177-199, February.
  2. John Cockburn, 2004. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Nepal A Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis," Development and Comp Systems 0409012, EconWPA.
  3. Sahn, David E. (ed.), 1996. "Economic Reform and the Poor in Africa," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290353.
  4. Rizwana Siddiqui & Abdul Razzaq Kemal & Rehana Siddiqui & Ali Kemal, 2008. "Tariff Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment and Poverty in Pakistan: a CGE-Based Analysis," Working Papers MPIA 2008-17, PEP-MPIA.
  5. Bernard Decaluwé & Yazid Dissou & André Patry, 2001. "Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(4), pages 811-830.
  6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
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