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Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA: une analyse quantitative

  • Decaluwé, Bernard

    ()

  • Dissou, Yazid
  • Patry, André

Dans cette étude, nous faisons une évaluation quantitative des effets potentiels de la création d'une union douanière au sein de l'Union Économique Monétaire Ouest-Africain (UEMOA). Nous construisons un modèle d'équilibre général calculable statique et multipays avec lequel nous analysons l'impact de la réforme. Les résultats des simulations mettent en exergue la diversité dans les gains, la nature et l'ampleur de l'ajustement requis dans divers pays. La réforme a un effet bénéfique sur le bien-être dans presque tous les pays. On assiste à une réorientation et à une augmentation des flux d'échanges régionaux et non régionaux, avec une redistribution de l'épargne étrangère au sein de l'union. Nos simulations révèlent aussi un arbitrage entre le gain de bien-être et la perte de revenu du gouvernement. L'élimination des barrières commerciales intra-régionales et l'application des tarifs extérieurs communs engendrent de pénibles ajustements sur les finances publiques dans de nombreux pays. In this paper, we evaluate the potential effects of a customs union's creation among the UEMOA (West-African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We develop a computable static and multi-country general equilibrium model to analyze the reform's impact in each country. Our simulation results highlight a diversity in the gains and the required adjustment within the union members. The reform is welfare-improving in almost every country, and it has a positive impact on regional and non-regional trade flows, with a redistribution of foreign savings within the union. Our results also point out a trade-off between welfare gain and the loss of tariff revenues. The complete removal of tariffs within the union and the application of common external tariffs induce painful adjustments in government finances, in many countries.

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File URL: http://www.ecn.ulaval.ca/w3/recherche/cahiers/1998/9811.pdf
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Paper provided by Université Laval - Département d'économique in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 9811.

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Date of creation: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9811
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