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Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA: une analyse quantitative

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  • Decaluwé, Bernard

    ()

  • Dissou, Yazid
  • Patry, André

Abstract

Dans cette étude, nous faisons une évaluation quantitative des effets potentiels de la création d'une union douanière au sein de l'Union Économique Monétaire Ouest-Africain (UEMOA). Nous construisons un modèle d'équilibre général calculable statique et multipays avec lequel nous analysons l'impact de la réforme. Les résultats des simulations mettent en exergue la diversité dans les gains, la nature et l'ampleur de l'ajustement requis dans divers pays. La réforme a un effet bénéfique sur le bien-être dans presque tous les pays. On assiste à une réorientation et à une augmentation des flux d'échanges régionaux et non régionaux, avec une redistribution de l'épargne étrangère au sein de l'union. Nos simulations révèlent aussi un arbitrage entre le gain de bien-être et la perte de revenu du gouvernement. L'élimination des barrières commerciales intra-régionales et l'application des tarifs extérieurs communs engendrent de pénibles ajustements sur les finances publiques dans de nombreux pays. In this paper, we evaluate the potential effects of a customs union's creation among the UEMOA (West-African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We develop a computable static and multi-country general equilibrium model to analyze the reform's impact in each country. Our simulation results highlight a diversity in the gains and the required adjustment within the union members. The reform is welfare-improving in almost every country, and it has a positive impact on regional and non-regional trade flows, with a redistribution of foreign savings within the union. Our results also point out a trade-off between welfare gain and the loss of tariff revenues. The complete removal of tariffs within the union and the application of common external tariffs induce painful adjustments in government finances, in many countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Decaluwé, Bernard & Dissou, Yazid & Patry, André, 1998. "Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA: une analyse quantitative," Cahiers de recherche 9811, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9811
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    File URL: http://www.ecn.ulaval.ca/w3/recherche/cahiers/1998/9811.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin & Erwann Michel-Kerjan, 2001. "The Public-Private Sector Risk-Sharing in the French Insurance "Cat. Nat. System"""," CIRANO Working Papers 2001s-60, CIRANO.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2009. "Electricity Reforms In Mali: A Macro-Micro Analysis Of The Effects On Poverty And Distribution," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 77(1), pages 127-147, March.
    2. Franck Viroleau, 2015. "The Evolution of Gender Wage Inequality in Senegal Following the Economic Partnership Agreements," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-10, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    3. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2010. "Réduction de Droits de Douane et Convergence Réelle dans l'UEMOA
      [Tariffs Reduction and Real Convergence in WAEMU]
      ," MPRA Paper 26763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Abdoulaye Diagne & François Joseph Cabral & Fatou Cisse & Mamadou Dansokho & Samba Ba, 2007. "Politiques commerciales, intégration régionale, pauvreté et distribution de revenus au Sénégal/Trade Policies, Regional Integration, Poverty and Income Distribution in Senegal," Working Papers MPIA 2007-15, PEP-MPIA.
    5. Decaluwé, B. & Dumont, J.-C. & Mesplé-Somps, S. & Robichaud, V., 2000. "Union économique et mobilité des facteurs; le cas de l'Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africain (UEMOA)," Cahiers de recherche 0009, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    6. Sokhna Diarra MBOUP & Racky BALDE & Thierno Malick DIALLO & Christian Arnault EMINI, 2016. "L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO : le cas du Sénégal," Working Papers MPIA 2016-26, PEP-MPIA.
    7. Nlemfu Mukoko, Jean Blaise & Wabenga Yango, James, 2011. "Zone de libre échange de la sadc et économie de la RDCongo :Création de commerce et Bien-être?
      [Implications of joining the SADC Free Trade Agreement on the D.R.Congo economy]
      ," MPRA Paper 65050, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2015.
    8. Joseph-François Cabral, 2013. "Corruption, croissance et pauvreté : le cas du Sénégal," Cahiers de recherche 13-03, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Customs unions; commercial reform; general equilibrium model; Union douanière; réforme commerciale; modèle d'équilibre général;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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