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Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative

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  • Bernard Decaluwé
  • Yazid Dissou
  • André Patry

Abstract

[eng] In this paper, we evaluate the potential effects of a customs union's creation among the UEMOA (West-African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We develop a computable static and multi-country general equilibrium model to analyze the reform's impact in each country. Our simulation results highlight diversity in the gains and the required adjustment within the union members. The reform is welfare improving in almost every country, and it has a positive impact on regional and non-regional trade flows with redistribution of foreign savings within the Union Our results also point out trade-off between welfare gain and the loss of tariff revenues The complete removal of tariffs within the Union and the application of common external tariffs induce painful adjustments in government finances in many countries Classification JEL C68 F13 F15 [fre] Dans cette étude, nous faisons une évaluation quantitative des effets potentiels de la création d'une union douanière au sein de l'Union économique monétaire ouest-africaine (uemoa). Nous construisons un modèle d'équilibre général calcula­ble statique et multi-pays avec lequel nous analysons l'impact de la réforme. Les résultats des simulations mettent en exergue la diversité dans les gains, la nature et l'ampleur de l'ajustement requis dans les divers pays de l'union. La réforme a un effet bénéfique sur le bien-être dans presque tous les pays. Les flux des échanges régionaux et non régionaux augmentent et on assiste à une redistribution de l'épargne étrangère entre les membres de l'Union. Nos simulations révèlent aussi un arbitrage entre le gain de bien-être et la perte de revenu du gouvernement. L'élimination des barrières commerciales intra-régionales et l'application des tarifs extérieurs communs engendrent de pénibles ajustements sur les finances publiques dans de nombreux pays.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard Decaluwé & Yazid Dissou & André Patry, 2001. "Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(4), pages 811-830.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410358 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410358
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. R. Bruce Billings, 1982. "Specification of Block Rate Price Variables in Demand Models," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(3), pages 386-394.
    2. J. E. Schefter & E. L. David, 1985. "Estimating Residential Water Demand under Multi-Part Tariffs Using Aggregate Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 64(3), pages 272-280.
    3. Lars Gårn Hansen, 1996. "Water and Energy Price Impacts on Residential Water Demand in Copenhagen," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(1), pages 66-79.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2009. "Electricity Reforms In Mali: A Macro-Micro Analysis Of The Effects On Poverty And Distribution," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 77(1), pages 127-147, March.
    2. Abdoulaye Diagne & François Joseph Cabral & Fatou Cisse & Mamadou Dansokho & Samba Ba, 2007. "Politiques commerciales, intégration régionale, pauvreté et distribution de revenus au Sénégal/Trade Policies, Regional Integration, Poverty and Income Distribution in Senegal," Working Papers MPIA 2007-15, PEP-MPIA.
    3. Nlemfu Mukoko, Jean Blaise & Wabenga Yango, James, 2011. "Zone de libre échange de la sadc et économie de la RDCongo :Création de commerce et Bien-être?
      [Implications of joining the SADC Free Trade Agreement on the D.R.Congo economy]
      ," MPRA Paper 65050, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2015.
    4. Joseph-François Cabral, 2013. "Corruption, croissance et pauvreté : le cas du Sénégal," Cahiers de recherche 13-03, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    5. Franck Viroleau, 2015. "The Evolution of Gender Wage Inequality in Senegal Following the Economic Partnership Agreements," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-10, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    6. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2010. "Réduction de Droits de Douane et Convergence Réelle dans l'UEMOA
      [Tariffs Reduction and Real Convergence in WAEMU]
      ," MPRA Paper 26763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Decaluwé, B. & Dumont, J.-C. & Mesplé-Somps, S. & Robichaud, V., 2000. "Union économique et mobilité des facteurs; le cas de l'Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africain (UEMOA)," Cahiers de recherche 0009, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    8. Sokhna Diarra MBOUP & Racky BALDE & Thierno Malick DIALLO & Christian Arnault EMINI, 2016. "L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO : le cas du Sénégal," Working Papers MPIA 2016-26, PEP-MPIA.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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