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Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative

Listed author(s):
  • Bernard Decaluwé
  • Yazid Dissou
  • André Patry

[eng] In this paper, we evaluate the potential effects of a customs union's creation among the UEMOA (West-African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We develop a computable static and multi-country general equilibrium model to analyze the reform's impact in each country. Our simulation results highlight diversity in the gains and the required adjustment within the union members. The reform is welfare improving in almost every country, and it has a positive impact on regional and non-regional trade flows with redistribution of foreign savings within the Union Our results also point out trade-off between welfare gain and the loss of tariff revenues The complete removal of tariffs within the Union and the application of common external tariffs induce painful adjustments in government finances in many countries Classification JEL C68 F13 F15 [fre] Dans cette étude, nous faisons une évaluation quantitative des effets potentiels de la création d'une union douanière au sein de l'Union économique monétaire ouest-africaine (uemoa). Nous construisons un modèle d'équilibre général calcula­ble statique et multi-pays avec lequel nous analysons l'impact de la réforme. Les résultats des simulations mettent en exergue la diversité dans les gains, la nature et l'ampleur de l'ajustement requis dans les divers pays de l'union. La réforme a un effet bénéfique sur le bien-être dans presque tous les pays. Les flux des échanges régionaux et non régionaux augmentent et on assiste à une redistribution de l'épargne étrangère entre les membres de l'Union. Nos simulations révèlent aussi un arbitrage entre le gain de bien-être et la perte de revenu du gouvernement. L'élimination des barrières commerciales intra-régionales et l'application des tarifs extérieurs communs engendrent de pénibles ajustements sur les finances publiques dans de nombreux pays.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 811-830

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410358
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410358
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